- Fuller's earth is any
nonplastic clay or claylike earthy material.
- Fuller's earth
usually has a high magnesium oxide content.
- In some countries,
like the UK, calcium bentonite is known as fuller's earth.
- Fullers Earth is a a
term which is also used to refer attapulgite.
- It is a naturally
mined clay that is considered a chemically inert material.
- Fullers Earth was
awarded its name several hundred years ago when wool textile workers or
"Fullers" created a time-saving concoction to remove the dense oils from
- In England, fuller's
earth occurs mainly in the Lower Greensand. It has also been mined in
the Vale of White Horse, in Oxfordshire, England.
- Ions such as cobalt,
nickel, lead and cadmium were adsorbed from waste solutions onto
attapulgite surface to analyze the sorption capacity of attapulgite.
- Weathering of the
fulIer's earth clay typically reduces the calcite content and increases
the percentage of montmorillonite, resulting in a higher plasticity.
- The relationships
between the mineralogy, weathering and geotechnical properties of the
Fuller's Earth formation of the Bath area samples were obtained from
- X-ray difiraction
studies, determination of refractive indices and chemical analyses point
to the identity of the clay mineral constituent with montmorillonite.
- Fine-grained fuller's
earth makes a much larger plume than ordinary dirt, suggesting a larger
explosion and allowing a smaller, safer charge to be used.
- The treatment with
fuller's earth effectively reduced the metal content of the liquids.
- The fullers earth
removes acid residues from oil and restores some colour.
- Detergent materials
as wood ashes or soda were used when washing in a large tub in which the
fuller stirred the contents with a staff of pole because the alkali
damaged the skin of the feet.
- Fresh bleaching earth
is used at different stages in the oil refining process.
- Fuller's earth (FE),
largely consisting of montmorillonite, is recommended for removal of
Sulphur mustard(HD) from the skin due to its high adsorptive capacity.
- Fuller's earth,
either the attapulgite-type or montmorillonite-type, is used in pet
waste absorbents, oil and grease absorbents, and pesticide carriers.
- California ranked
third behind Arizona and Nevada in non-fuel mineral production,
accounting for approximately 7% of the nations’ total. The market value
of mineral production for California was $4.6 billion.
- World bentonite,
fuller's earth and allied clays market is forecast to exceed 164 million
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