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Information @ a Glance

  • A fungus is a eukaryotic organism that is a member of the kingdom Fungi.
  • The majority of species grow as multicellular filaments called hyphae forming a mycelium; some fungal species also grow as single  cells.
  • Fungi are divided into two big groups: yeasts and moulds.
  • Occurring worldwide, most fungi are largely invisible to the naked eye, living for the most part in soil, dead matter, and as symbionts  of plants, animals, or other fungi.
  • Fungi have a worldwide distribution, and grow in a wide range of habitats, including deserts. Most fungi grow in terrestrial  environments, but several species occur only in aquatic habitats.
  • Reproduction of fungi is complex, reflecting the heterogeneity in lifestyles and genetic make up within this group of organisms
  • Entomopathogenic and mycoparasitic fungi were characterised by RAPD technique, with special attention to evaluate the genetic stability of strains that are used as active ingredients in commercial biopesticides.
  • Fungal Treatment is a bioremediation process utilizing white-rot fungi as a means of destroying organic contaminants in soils.
  • The fungal treatment process involves inoculation of the contaminated soil with selected fungal strain(s) followed by addition of  nutrients (if needed), irrigation, and aeration of the soil through tilling/cultivating to provide optimal fungal growth conditions.
  • The pharmaceutical industry uses fungus excretion to produce drugs.
  • Fungi are also used extensively to produce industrial chemicals like lactic acid, antibiotics and even to make stonewashed jeans.
  • Human use of fungi for food preparation or preservation and other purposes is extensive and has a long history: yeasts are required  for fermentation of beer, wine and bread, some other fungal species are used in the production of soy sauce and tempeh.
  • Fungi are recognized for their superior aptitudes to produce a large variety of extracellular proteins, organic acids and other  metabolites, and for their capacities to adapt to severe environmental constraints.
  • Cordyceps sinensis, a parasitic fungus in the alpine regions, is highly valued in the traditional medicinal system of China, Nepal and  India.
  • The future strength of the cordyceps fungi market is based on the rising demand in China and the need for importers to use higher prices to bid supplies away from China.

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