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Information @ a Glance

General
  • Ganoderma applanatum is a bracket fungus with a cosmopolitan distribution.The spore bodies are up to 30-40 cm across, hard, woody-textured, and inedible; they are white at first but soon turn dark red-brown.It is a wood-decaying fungus, using primarily dead heartwood, but also as a pathogen on live sapwood, particularly on older trees.
  • Ganoderma is beleived to be the oldest mushroom used in medicine and is one of the most respected medicinal mushrooms today. The Chinese have always regarded the mushroom as having special properties.Once rare and expensive, this mushroom is now effectively cultivated and is readily available.
  • Red Reishi (Ganoderma Lucidum), commonly known as Ling Zhi in Chinese, is a herbal mushroom known to have miraculous health benefits. It has been used in Japan and China for over 2,000 years and thus making it the oldest mushroom known to have been used as medicine.
  • Red Reishi is primarily composed of complex carbohydrates called water-soluble polysaccharides, triterpeniods, proteins and amino acids. Researchers have identified that water-soluble polysaccharides are the most active element found in Red Reishi that have anti-tumour, immune modulating and blood pressure lowering effects.

Production & Cultivation

  • Ganoderma is grown in nature, commonly known as wild Ganoderma. It depends on decomposed wooden particle of tree to form its fruit body. However, this scarce fungus is usually found in high and steep mountain areas.Even if someone finds it by chance, its effects are always lost due to aging. It becomes hard like leather. Furthermore, wild Ganoderma Lucidum may also be toxic if the wood is contaminated.
  • Ganoderma can be used as a supplement during chemotherapy or radiotherapy to reduce side-effects such as fatigue, loss of appetite, hair loss, bone marrow suppression and risk of infection. It can also reduce the toxic and side effects and mitigate the pains during chemotherapy and radiotherapy, in particular to cancer patients at terminal stages for prolonging their lives and improving their living quality.

Application

  • Ganoderma is known among Chinese people as a "magic Herb" that can cure hundred kinds of diseases, and it is also applied for longevity. With selected and high quality of Ganoderma pulverized as raw material, Ganoderma Coffee is produced by modern technical process in a hygienic manner that assures each batch meets high standards of quality and purity.
  •  The hypoglycemic activity of Ganoderma lucidum is thus due to an increase of the plasma insulin level and an acceleration of glucose metabolism occurring not only in the peripheral tissues but also in the liver.
  • The use of a multi-disciplinary approach to characterisation of Ganodema has shown that biochemical and molecular methods can be used to solve field disease problems where conventional morphological approaches have failed to give the level of discrimination required.

Market

  • The market value of mushroom dietary supplements- nutriceuticals worldwide was about USD1.2 billion in 1991, and USD3.6 billion in 1994 respectively. In 1999, it was estimated the medicinal mushrooms, extracts and products based on these constituted USD6.0 billion in sales worldwide.
  • The market value of Ganoderma mushroombased dietary supplements alone in 1995 was estimated at USD1.6 billion. Ganoderma is widely available in Australia in capsule form. More than 1500 recipients of the unsolicited Ganoderma samples have received letters from AQIS telling them the product has been confiscated.

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