- Ganoderma applanatum
is a bracket fungus with a cosmopolitan distribution.The spore bodies
are up to 30-40 cm across, hard, woody-textured, and inedible; they are
white at first but soon turn dark red-brown.It is a wood-decaying
fungus, using primarily dead heartwood, but also as a pathogen on live
sapwood, particularly on older trees.
- Ganoderma is beleived
to be the oldest mushroom used in medicine and is one of the most
respected medicinal mushrooms today. The Chinese have always regarded
the mushroom as having special properties.Once rare and expensive, this
mushroom is now effectively cultivated and is readily available.
- Red Reishi (Ganoderma
Lucidum), commonly known as Ling Zhi in Chinese, is a herbal mushroom
known to have miraculous health benefits. It has been used in Japan and
China for over 2,000 years and thus making it the oldest mushroom known
to have been used as medicine.
- Red Reishi is
primarily composed of complex carbohydrates called water-soluble
polysaccharides, triterpeniods, proteins and amino acids. Researchers
have identified that water-soluble polysaccharides are the most active
element found in Red Reishi that have anti-tumour, immune modulating and
blood pressure lowering effects.
- Ganoderma is grown in
nature, commonly known as wild Ganoderma. It depends on decomposed
wooden particle of tree to form its fruit body. However, this scarce
fungus is usually found in high and steep mountain areas.Even if someone
finds it by chance, its effects are always lost due to aging. It becomes
hard like leather. Furthermore, wild Ganoderma Lucidum may also be toxic
if the wood is contaminated.
- Ganoderma can be used
as a supplement during chemotherapy or radiotherapy to reduce
side-effects such as fatigue, loss of appetite, hair loss, bone marrow
suppression and risk of infection. It can also reduce the toxic and side
effects and mitigate the pains during chemotherapy and radiotherapy, in
particular to cancer patients at terminal stages for prolonging their
lives and improving their living quality.
- Ganoderma is known
among Chinese people as a "magic Herb" that can cure hundred kinds of
diseases, and it is also applied for longevity. With selected and high
quality of Ganoderma pulverized as raw material, Ganoderma Coffee is
produced by modern technical process in a hygienic manner that assures
each batch meets high standards of quality and purity.
hypoglycemic activity of Ganoderma lucidum is thus due to an increase of
the plasma insulin level and an acceleration of glucose metabolism
occurring not only in the peripheral tissues but also in the liver.
- The use of a
multi-disciplinary approach to characterisation of Ganodema has shown
that biochemical and molecular methods can be used to solve field
disease problems where conventional morphological approaches have failed
to give the level of discrimination required.
- The market value of
mushroom dietary supplements- nutriceuticals worldwide was about USD1.2
billion in 1991, and USD3.6 billion in 1994 respectively. In 1999, it
was estimated the medicinal mushrooms, extracts and products based on
these constituted USD6.0 billion in sales worldwide.
- The market value of
Ganoderma mushroombased dietary supplements alone in 1995 was estimated
at USD1.6 billion. Ganoderma is widely available in Australia in capsule
form. More than 1500 recipients of the unsolicited Ganoderma samples
have received letters from AQIS telling them the product has been
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