Gelatin is a translucent, colorless, brittle, nearly
tasteless solid substance, extracted from the collagen inside
animals' connective tissue.
Gelatin is the
purified protein which is derived from the selective hydrolysis
consists of three helical polypeptide chains wound around each
other and connected by intermolecular cross-links.
Gelatin is a
protein produced by partial hydrolysis of collagen extracted
from the bones, connective tissues, organs, and some intestines
of animals such as the domesticated cattle, and horses.
Recovery process includes
several steps such as filtration, evaporation, sterilization,
drying, grinding, and sifting.
called gelatine) is prepared by the thermal denaturation of
collagen, isolated from animal skin and bones, with very dilute
acid. It can also be extracted from fish skins.
The main raw
material required for gelatin production is the offal, which is
available from slaughter houses and meat processing factories.
Gelatin is used
in a wide range of applications in the pharmaceutical industry.
It has been
commonly used as an emulsifier in food, pharmaceutical,
photography, and cosmetic manufacturing.
primarily used as a gelling agent forming transparent elastic
thermoreversible gels on cooling .
Gelatin not only serves as an excipient,
but also is an excellent and economical source of multiple amino
Gelatin is used extensively for the
testing of ammunition to determine its effectiveness for
hunting, as well as for military and crime stopping application.
production amount of gelatin is about 300,000 tons per year .
The current local
annual demand on Gelatin is estimated at 114 tons. This demand
size is expected to reach 225 tons by the year 2015.
Market remains solid with a slight upturn in demand following
waning consumer and government concerns over bovine spongi-form
Brazil is the third largest producer of gelatin, right after two
European countries: France and Germany.
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