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Information @ a Glance

Introduction

  • Gelatin is a translucent, colorless, brittle, nearly tasteless solid substance, extracted from the collagen inside animals' connective tissue.

  • Gelatin is the purified protein which is derived from the selective hydrolysis of collagen.

  • Collagen consists of three helical polypeptide chains wound around each other and connected by intermolecular cross-links.

Production

  • Gelatin is a protein produced by partial hydrolysis of collagen extracted from the bones, connective tissues, organs, and some intestines of animals such as the domesticated cattle, and horses.

  • Recovery process includes several steps such as filtration, evaporation, sterilization, drying, grinding, and sifting.

  • Gelatin (also called gelatine) is prepared by the thermal denaturation of collagen, isolated from animal skin and bones, with very dilute acid. It can also be extracted from fish skins.

  • The main raw material required for gelatin production is the offal, which is available from slaughter houses and meat processing factories.

Uses

  • Gelatin is used in a wide range of applications in the pharmaceutical industry.

  • It has been commonly used as an emulsifier in food, pharmaceutical, photography, and cosmetic manufacturing.

  • Gelatin is primarily used as a gelling agent forming transparent elastic thermoreversible gels on cooling .

  • Gelatin not only serves as an excipient, but also is an excellent and economical source of multiple amino acids.

  • Gelatin is used extensively for the testing of ammunition to determine its effectiveness for hunting, as well as for military and crime stopping application.

Market

  • The worldwide production amount of gelatin is about 300,000 tons per year .

  • The current local annual demand on Gelatin is estimated at 114 tons. This demand size is expected to reach 225 tons by the year 2015.

  • The Gelatin Market remains solid with a slight upturn in demand following waning consumer and government concerns over bovine spongi-form encephalopathy (BSE).

  • Brazil is the third largest producer of gelatin, right after two European countries:  France and Germany. 

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