Gloriosa is a genus of five or six species in the plant family
Gloriosa superba is a striking tuberous climbing plant with brilliant
wavy-edged yellow and red flowers.
They have showy flowers, distinctive because of their pronouncedly
reflexed petals, like a Turk’s cap lily, ranging in colour from a
greenish-yellow through yellow, orange, red and sometimes even a deep
The plant grows in sandy-loam soil in the mixed deciduous forests in
sunny positions. It is very tolerant of nutrient-poor soils.
It occurs in thickets, forest edges and boundaries of cultivated areas
in warm countries up to a height of 2530 m.
glorisa lily is propagateded via tubers with two daughter tubers being
produced from each plant. The tuber size can increase significantly
which is directly proportional to the quantity of side stems on the
plant as well as flower number.
are rich source of Colchicine used against gout, rheumatism and in
botanical researches inducing polyploidy.
In Ayurveda and Yunani systems of medicine it is a reputed medicine.
According to Ayurveda, tuber is pungent, bitter, acrid, heating,
anthemirtic, laxative, alexiteric, abortifacient, and useful in ulcers,
leprosy, piles, iflommations, abdominal pains, itching and thirst.
G. superba is the national flower of Zimbabwe, and was the national
flower of Rhodesia.It is also the state flower of Tamil Nadu state in
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