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  • Gloriosa is a genus of five or six species in the plant family Colchicaceae.

  • Gloriosa superba is a striking tuberous climbing plant with brilliant wavy-edged yellow and red flowers.

  • They have showy flowers, distinctive because of their pronouncedly reflexed petals, like a Turk’s cap lily, ranging in colour from a greenish-yellow through yellow, orange, red and sometimes even a deep pinkish-red.

  • The plant grows in sandy-loam soil in the mixed deciduous forests in sunny positions. It is very tolerant of nutrient-poor soils.

  • It occurs in thickets, forest edges and boundaries of cultivated areas in warm countries up to a height of 2530 m.

  • The glorisa lily is propagateded via tubers with two daughter tubers being produced from each plant. The tuber size can increase significantly which is directly proportional to the quantity of side stems on the plant as well as flower number.

  • Seeds are rich source of Colchicine used against gout, rheumatism and in botanical researches inducing polyploidy.

  • In Ayurveda and Yunani systems of medicine it is a reputed medicine. According to Ayurveda, tuber is pungent, bitter, acrid, heating, anthemirtic, laxative, alexiteric, abortifacient, and useful in ulcers, leprosy, piles, iflommations, abdominal pains, itching and thirst.

  • G. superba is the national flower of Zimbabwe, and was the national flower of Rhodesia.It is also the state flower of Tamil Nadu state in India.

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