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Information @ a Glance


  • The term hardwood designates wood from broad-leaved or angiosperm trees.
  • Hardwood is of higher density and hardness than softwood, but there is considerable variation in actual wood hardness in both groups.
  • The term hardwood includes numerous species of trees and shrubs with dense, heavy wood.
  • Hardwoods can be subdivided into "medium heavy," "heavy," "very heavy," and woods that actually sink in water called "ironwoods."


  • The identification of hardwood is based on vegetative characteristics including leaves, fruit, and bark.
  • Improved wood quality and advanced processing systems ensures that viable products are available from young plantation hardwoods.
  • Hardwood species are extremely variable in their form and growth rates. These characteristics are also very sensitive to growing conditions.
  • The cultural operations of pruning, fertilizing, and thinning that can greatly enhance the timber value of a plantation.
  • Many hardwoods grow well on bottomland terraces near streams, but these sites pose the risk of spring flooding.


  • Hardwoods are employed in a large range of applications including (but not limited to): construction, furniture, flooring, utensils, etc.
  • Hardwood trees planted for timber production, wildlife habitat, riparian buffers, native woodland restoration, windbreaks, watershed protection,
    erosion control, and conservation are susceptible to damage or even death by various native and exotic fungal or bacterial diseases.
  • Glyphosate injury to hardwood seedlings is becoming more common as this product becomes more widely used in the agricultural industry.

Market & Report

  • As the trees get bigger and the price of hardwood continues to increase, the internal rate of return for the investors is, conservatively, more than 20% per year over the 25 years that it takes the trees to mature. The stock market tends to return about 10% annually over the same time period.
  • The average price for hardwood sawtimber stumpage in Tennessee during some period is greater than $175 per thousand board feet (MBF).
  • It is reported that 2000 hectares of plantation will be established every year for five years under the NSW Governmentís Hardwood Plantation program.
  • A large selection of hardwoods, from black acacia to red eucalyptus to Brazilian cherry, Parmenterís high volume milling operation ó which has seen its share of ups and downs, including surviving an electrical fire

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