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  • High-fructose corn syrup (HFCS) is any of a group of corn syrups which have undergone enzymatic processing in order to increase their fructose content and are then mixed with pure corn syrup (100% glucose) to reach their final form.

  • The typical types of HFCS are: HFCS 90 (used almost exclusively in the production of HFCS 55) which is approximately 90% fructose and 10% glucose; HFCS 55 (most commonly used in soft drinks) which is approximately 55% fructose and 45% glucose; and HFCS 42 (used in a variety of other foods, including baked goods) which is approximately 42% fructose and 58% glucose.

  • HFCS is generally made from transgenic (genetically modified) corn.


  • High-fructose corn syrup is produced by milling corn to produce corn starch, then processing that corn starch to yield corn syrup which is almost entirely glucose, and then adding enzymes which change the glucose into fructose. The resulting syrup (after enzyme conversion) contains approximately 90% fructose and is HFCS 90.

  • High-fructose corn syrup (HFCS) is produced by processing corn starch to yield glucose, and then processing the glucose to produce a high percentage of fructose. It all sounds rather simple--white cornstarch is turned into crystal clear syrup. However, the process is actually very complicated. Three different enzymes are needed to break down cornstarch, which is composed of chains of glucose molecules of almost infinite length, into the simple sugars glucose and fructose.


  • HFCS has begun to replace sugar in various processed foods in the USA and Canada.

  • The main reasons for this switch are: HFCS is somewhat cheaper due to the relative abundance of corn and the relative lack of sugar beets, as well as farm subsidies and sugar import tariffs in the United States. HFCS is easier to blend and transport because it is a liquid. HFCS usage leads to products with much longer shelf life.


  • The United States is the world’s largest producer and user of HFS.

  • Currently, the HFC syrups are manufactured and used in several countries throughout the world. The product has an immense demand in the developing countries.
  • The product is also gaining popularity in the Indian market. The various industries, such as Soft Drink, Confectionary, and other fruit processing units are growing at a rapid pace. As HFS syrup has a derived demand in the market, thus there is huge market potential for the product.

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