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Information @ a Glance

General

  • Hibiscus, or rosemallow, is a large genus of about 200–220 species of flowering plants in the family Malvaceae.
  • Hibiscus plants are known for their large, showy flowers with deep-colored bases.
  • The flowers can vary in size from blossoms two inches in diameter up to 12 inches, with colors ranging from white to purple.
  • One species of Hibiscus, known as Kenaf.
  • Hibiscus, espcially white hibiscus is considered to have medicinal properties in the Indian traditional system of medicine, Ayurveda.
  • Hibiscus is a robust shrub of variable height to 15 feet, although most are seen much smaller due to pruning.

Cultivation

  • Hibiscus should be planted in the warmest part of the garden where they receive day-long sun.
  • Hibiscus enjoy high humidity, but they'll grow happily in dry areas provided their roots have constant access to water, and provided their foliage is misted or regularly hosed.
  • Hibiscus grown in the ground do best when planted in well-prepared sites that have friable, loamy, good-quality soil with a pH reading of about 6 to 7, and plenty of organic matter that is routinely replenished.
  • Hibiscus can be grown in pots and brought inside for the winter.
  • When a hibiscus plant dries out to the point where the leaves wilt for more than one day, the leaves will dry up and fall off; however these leaves will grow back rapidly

Processing

  • Pilot-scale supercritical fluid extraction of okra (Hibiscus esculentus L) seeds was carried out, using carbon dioxide as solvent.
  • Hibiscus Powdered Extract has a pleasantly sour taste and is a deep red powder. It is a spray dried product obtained by extraction of hibiscus flowers with demineralised water.
  • The dried calyx of Hibiscus sabdariffa (Roselle) is locally processed into a non-alcoholic drink known as ‘Zobo’ in Nigeria.

Market

  • Hibiscus market came in the early seventies when the U.S. National Arboretum introduced Greek goddess series of genetically altered singles.
  • More than 300 species of hibiscus can be found around the world, growing in both tropical and subtropical regions.
  • Hibiscus is available from Thailand, Sudan, China, Mexico, and various other smaller producing nations including Egypt, Senegal, Tanzania, Mali, and Jamaica.
  • There is a large mark-up for hibiscus depending on the quantity purchased: $4.90 per lb., $4.66 per lb. (20 lbs.), and $4.05 per lb. (50 lbs.) was what was paid to an importer by one tea manufacturer.

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