- The Jackfruit (Artocarpus
heterophyllus) is a species of tree of the mulberry family (Moraceae) and
its fruit, native to southwestern India, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka, and
possibly also east to the Malay Peninsula.
- It is an evergreen tree growing to
10-15 m tall. The leaves are alternately arranged, elliptical, 5-25 cm
long and 3-12 cm broad, often lobed on young trees but entire on mature
- The flowers are produced in dense
inflorescences 3-7 cm long and 1-2.5 cm broad; the male and female flowers
produced on separate inflorescences, the female inflorescences commonly
borne on thick branches or the trunk of the tree.
- The fruit is rich in vitamin
A,B and C , Potassium, calcium, iron, proteins, and carbohydrates.
- Raw jackfruit is the basic raw
material for fried jack chips. First of all, raw jack fruit are cut into
large pieces. The bulbs are then removed with hand. The seeds are also
removed. The raw bulbs are then cut into suitable length wise pieces.
These pieces are fried in coconut oil or refined vegetable oil. Salt may
be added to the frying pieces to enhance its taste and preservation. They
are packed in polythene bags and sealed with sealing machine.
- Jackfruit leaves
also play a significant role in traditional herbal medicines
- The sap is extremely
sticky and therefore also utilised as an effective adhesive
- The fruit can be
eaten fresh, or canned and preserved in syrup
- Export of fresh jackfruit is
relatively low. In 1997, export valued is about RM 3.82 million, and
increased to RM5.04 million in year 2000 and RM 4.45 million in year 2001
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