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Information @ a Glance

  • General

    The tree “hymenaea courbaril” is origininated in the tropical Amazon rain forest and in some regions of Central America. The tree may grow to a height of 130 ft with trunk diameters of 5 to 6 ft; usually less than 100 ft high with diameters of 2 to 4 ft. Boles are well formed, often clear for 40 to 80 ft, and basally swollen or buttressed in large trees.
  • The wood of Brazilian cherry is a very beautiful reddish brown wood, with an interlocking grain and a golden luster or glow beneath. It is a hard, heavy and very strong wood, having a specific gravity .91. Brazilian cherry steam-bends well, and glues well, although nailing may require pre-drilling.
  • Hymenaea courbaril is a slow-growing, well-formed tree with a clean trunk. It grows about 1 m per year to about 45 m in height. It develops best on sandy, drained ridges and although found on river banks, it does not grow well in wetlands. The tree grows in a variety of soils from clay to sand but is predominant in oxisols with a pH range from 4.8 to 6.8. Occurring from sea level to about 900 m, it grows best in areas with annual rainfall of 1,900 to 2,150 mm.

    Production
     
  • On average the pine forests of Jatobá grow with 6.5 m3/ha/ year. This corresponds to 3.25 tons, and since half of this is carbon, it means that the plantations of Jatobá, store 1.6 tons carbon/ha/year in the trunks while they grow. This corresponds to 6 tons CO2/ha/years.
  • The growth range of the species is reported to include Cape Verde Islands, throughout West Indies from Cuba and Jamaica to Trinidad and Tobago. Also from central Mexico to Peru, Bolivia, Brazil, and French Guiana. It is scattered in forests, pastures, and along roadsides in the moist and dry coastal and limestone regions of Puerto Rico.

    Process and Mechanism of Action:
     
  • Jatoba has assisted in reducing the amount of CO2 in the atmosphere by developing three kinds of areas: 28000 ha pine plantations, 8000 ha eucalyptus plantations, 10000 ha cerrado areas that have been protected against fires.
  • The leaves of jatoba contain a group of phytochemicals called terpenes and phenolics which are responsible for protecting the leaves of the tree from leaf fungus. These antimicrobial compounds are water-soluble and therefore transferred to any tea preparation. The antimicrobial properties of jatoba are particularly interesting in the light of recent scientific developments regarding the growth of specific microbes in the body.

    Market and Report:
     
  • The US consumes only a very small percentage of the world’s tropical wood-based products despite being one the world’s largest producers, consumers and importers of hardwood forest products. In 2006, the US imported hardwood products valued at an estimated US$3.6 billion.
  • Imports of hardwood plywood have accounted for an increasing share of total consumption. The US import value of hardwood plywood has gone from US$2 billion in 2003 to almost US$2 billion in 2006. As with so many other changes in the commodity market, China is the major driving force behind these increases.

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