Cultivation, Transesertification, Consultants, Market, Report
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- Jatropha is a genus
of approximately 175 succulent plants, shrubs and trees, from the family
Euphorbiaceae. Jatropha is native to Central America, and has become
naturalized in many tropical and subtropical areas, including India,
Africa, and North America.
- Originating in the
Caribbean, the jatropha was spread as a valuable hedge plant to Africa
and Asia by Portuguese traders. The mature small trees bear male and
female inflorescence, and do not grow very tall.
- The hardy jatropha is
resistant to drought and pests, and produces seeds containing up to 40%
oil. When the seeds are crushed and processed, the resulting oil can be
used in a standard diesel engine, while the residue can also be
processed into biomass to power electricity plants
transesterification method developed is very simple and can be adopted
at farm level , thus requires only five to six hours to produce
- Some of these oils
may also be used to replace certain petroleumbased lubricants and fuels.
Currently,biodiesel, which is esterified vegetable oil, has found a
market niche because its use reduces some noxious exhaust emissions.
- Economic study
published by the USDA Office of Energy predicted that a modest,
sustained annual market for biodiesel of 100 million gallons in the US
would contribute approximately seven cents to the price of each bushel
of soybeans produced in the US.
- The development of
biodiesel production and sales reached an unexpected boom in Germany and
the European Union in recent years. The marketing of biodiesel through
the public filling station network will also be further extended in the
- The Government of
Madhya Pradesh is keen to promote Jatropha cultivation at a substantial
scale in the State. For the purpose the Government has identified 2000
hectares of land in various clusters across the States.
- Further the
Government proposes to establish a biodiesel production unit on a pilot
scale in the State to produce high quality ready to use bio-fuel.
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