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                                         Information @ a Glance
General
  • Jeera spice dates back to the Old Testament. Also called "cumino". Available both in a powder and as seeds. Freshly ground seeds impart a robust fragrance and flavor to curries, salsas, soups, and marinades.
  • Cumin is the seed of a small umbelliferous plant. The seeds come as paired or separate carpels, and are 3-6mm (1/8-1/4 in) long. They have a striped pattern of nine ridges and oil canals, and are hairy, brownish in colour, boat-shaped, tapering at each extremity, with tiny stalks attached.
  • Cumin resemble caraway seeds, but are lighter in colour and unlike caraway, have minute bristles hardly visible to the naked eye. They are available dried, or ground to a brownish-green powder.

Cultivation

  • Cumin is grown from seed. A hot climate is preferred, but it can be grown in cooler regions if started under glass in spring. A sandy soil is best; when the seedlings have hardened, transplant carefully to a sunny aspect, planting out 15cm (6 in) apart. Seed regularly. The plants bloom in June and July. The seeds are normally ready four months after planting. Cut the plants when the seeds turn to brown, thresh and dry like the other Umbelliferae.
  • Cultivation of cumin requires a long, hot summer with 3-4 months with daytime temperatures around 30°C (86°F); it is drought tolerant, and is mostly grown in Mediterranean climates. It is grown from seed sown in spring, and needs a fertile, well-drained soil.

Market

  • Cumin a native of Egypt, it is now mostly produced in India is the largest producer of cumin.  In India it is mostly produced in Rajasthan and Gujrat.
  • Indian cumin is exported in its natural as well as powdered forms, besides as essential oils. exports are mostly to USA, Singapore, Japan, UK, and middle east countries.
  • The world demand for cumin is in the range of 12,000-15,000 tonnes. Singapore, USA, UK. Netherlands etc. are the important markets for cumin. India's export of cumin is mainly to countries like UK, Singapore, Saudi Arabia and Japan.
  • Cumin is an important ingredient in curry powder, Cumin oil has only minor applications, mainly as flavouring agent. It is used as an ingredient in several Ayurvedic medicines as well as in the preparation of soft drinks.
     

Report

  • Reports of crop damage in Syria a major competitor in global market also fueled rally in prices. However, prices started to slide down  on lower demand and improved sowing activities.

  • Jeera are traded amid the weather mismatched to a large extent, seem gaining perception of bullish days ahead. The traders after getting smell of better days ahead amid the low production and expected low arrivals during upcoming harvested seasons in few days from now hoarding and the booking the order recorded a natural phenomenon.

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