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Information @ a Glance

General

  • Jowar (sorghum) is one of the most important cereal crops in the world and is one of the four major food grains of our country.
  • Jowar is the most important crop in Maharashtra occupying the highest area of 55 lakh hectares with 36 per cent of the total cropped area under this crop.
  • Sorghum is a genus of numerous species of grasses, some of which are raised for grain and many of which are used as fodder plants either cultivated or as part of pasture.
  • Sorghum is called various names in different places in the world. In Western Africa, it is called great millet, kafir corn or guinea corn, which represents a connection with corn or millet. It is called jowar in India, kaolian in China and milo in Spain.

Cultivation

  • Jowar is grown both in Kharif and Rabi seasons.
  • Unlike sugarcane, which is a tropical plant, sweet sorghum can be cultivated in nearly all temperate and tropical climatic areas.
  • Sweet sorghum can be sown during June, coinciding with the south-west monsoon, September October during north east monsoon with a rainfall of 500-600 mm well distributed across the growing period and also during summer with assured irrigation.
  • A plough or tined implement can be used for primary cultivation of Sorghum. Ploughing is, however, not recommended for sandy soils.

Process

  • Sorghum syrup made from cane sorghum is made by squeezing the juice from the cane and cooking off the excess water to obtain a sweet, sticky syrup - a delicacy in many parts of the country.
  • A total of 22 sweet sorghum accessions were tested for three years to identify the most promising ones for ethanol production.
  • Wet-milling process was devised to isolate readily accessible starch from grain sorghum.
  • Malting Process of Sorghum is for the brewing of traditional beer.

Market

  • The U.S. is also the largest exporter of sorghum in the world, which has been exporting more than six million metric tons of grain sorghum annually, generating around half a billion dollars income.
  • Sorghum is a major input to the Mexican feed industry representing sixty to eighty percent of mixed feeds that are used in animal feeding.
  • International market prices for sorghum are largely determined by the supply and demand situation in the United States, and export prices are based on the reference sorghum, US Milo no. 2, yellow.
  • According to market survey of Sorgum it has been found that Honey sells better than sorghum.

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