Lavender                                                                                   Growth and Cultivation, Distillation Process, Species of Lavender, Products, Manufacturers and Suppliers                                           Primary Information Services                                                   Home. Ordering Information. Contact

Information @ a Glance

General
  • Lavender is referred to as the “good witches” herb, as it was useful in averting the “evil eye”. It is claimed to make ‘the evil spirits quake at the scent of it’.

  • Lavandula Angustifolia (commonly called English Lavender) is native to the south of France, it grows on the foothills from 500 to 1000mtrs.  It enjoys hot summers and cold winters, (in France the lavender is covered with snow during the winter) the plants will stand some frost, however, it has been found they do not flower well when grown in humid climates.  In France lavender grows in stony, depleted soils with a ph of 6-7, the best oil is produced in poor soil.  

Propagation and Harvesting

  • Propagation by seed is slow (six months to transplant size) and germination rates are low and sporadic. In addition, because most lavender varieties are clones, vegetative propagation (cuttings, layerings, and division of roots) is highly recommended to retain desirable traits. Propagation by seed creates overlapping traits and further variation within cultivars. Plants grown from seed are variable in growth habit, color, and essential oil composition and are unsuitable for commercial harvesting. If seeds are to be used they should be planted in late spring or early summer. Plants should be thinned to 24-36 inches apart with rows 30 to 36 inches apart.
  • Plants are harvested from the second through the fifth year at which time some growers replant.Lavender is harvested mechanically in foreign countries using specially designed machinery for essential oil purposes although it is harvested by hand for cut flower production.

Applications

  • Lavender was widely used as a natural antiseptic and deodorizer. Its pleasant aroma was used to mask body odor, therefore, women would tie small bunches of it to their under garments. It was very popular with ladies during the Victorian era to hold “tussie-mussies” under their noses as they walk down the streets. It helped to keep away the awful orders of open sewage and animal waste so common to the day.

Production

  • The production of lavender oil in Australia has been centred at Bridestowe Estate near Lilydale in north-eastern Tasmania. The plantings are the resultant selection of L. angustifolia over many years by the Denny family. Bronson and Jacobs Pty Ltd, an Australian company trading in essential oils, aromatic extracts and isolates, now own this production area. Production is in the order of 1.2 tonne per annum. This enterprise currently generates approximately 60% of its revenue from tourism.

  • Many small production areas have been planted with increasing frequency over the last 10 years, predominantly in Victoria and southern New South Wales but also in Western Australia and South Australia. Virtually all of the smaller enterprises are targeted at the tourism and aromatherapy supply market. These production areas are predominantly in the size range of 0.25 to 1 ha. Only some four to five production units exceed the 1.5 ha scale of planting and the volume of oil produced is predominantly in the 5 to 10 kg per annum range. Consequently the total level of oil produced by all growers aside from Bridestowe Estate would only be approximately 0.5 tonne. 

Market

  • There is a growing demand for all of the lavender range of oil types - L. allardii and lavandin oils are sought after by the aromatherapy market as is L.angustifolia oil for their therapeutic applications. Currently oil produced for the therapeutic market must conform to the BP standard as products are mainly marketed into the aromatherapy segment. This presents difficulties for producers and distributors as not all oils have a BP standard eg: L. Allardii. Also there is an increasing demand for the hydrosols derived from all lavender varieties. 

  • Organic lavender oil(s) are increasing in demand at approximately 35% per annum at present compared to a general increase of 5% per annum for conventionally produced oils. The price received for organic lavender oil(s) is generally twice that of conventionally produced oils when sold in small lots.

Entrepreneur who want the information on Growth And Cultivation, Distillation Process, Species Of Lavender, Products, Manufacturers And Suppliers can email us to informer@eth.net , primaryinfo@gmail.com

Primary Information Services
 21 Murugappan St, SwamyNagar Ext2, 
Ullagaram, Chennai - 600091, India.
 Phone: 91 44 22421080 
Email : informer@eth.net , primaryinfo@gmail.com
Mobile numbers:9940043898, 9444008898  Fax : 91 44 22423753