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Lemongrass Oil
Information on CD ROM

General

  • Lemongrass essential oil is extracted from Cymbopogon citratus, of the Poaceae family.
  • Lemongrass oil has a lemony, sweet smell and is dark yellow to amber and reddish in color, with a watery viscosity.
  • It is a perennial fast-growing aromatic grass, growing to about 1 meter (3 feet) high with long, thin leaves and originally was growing wild in India.
  • The main chemical components of lemongrass oil are myrcene, citronellal, geranyl acetate, nerol, geraniol, neral and traces of limonene and citral.

Extraction

  • Lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus) essential oil was extracted with dense carbon dioxide at 2350 C and 85120 bar.
  • Lemongrass (Cympopogon citratus L.) oil (ranging between 25 and 500 ppm) was tested for antifungal activity against Colletotrichum coccodes, Botrytis cinerea, Cladosporium herbarum, Rhizopus stolonifer and Aspergillus niger in vitro.
  • The leaves of lemongrass contain an essential oil that is extracted with steam distillation. The harvested leaves are chopped and partially dried before extraction of the oil.
MARKET

  • The domestic price of lemongrass oil has increased from 6,000 -10,000 cedis per kilogram (US$2.60 - 4.35). International market prices are even higher and fluctuate from US$13 -14.
  • Traditionally Citral was produced from Lemongrass till 60s based on feed stock from India mainly part of south west coast namely area from Kundapur in Karnataka till south Kerala with major trading centre around Cochin.
  • In some period the U.S. imported 74 metric tons of lemongrass oil primarily from Guatamala and India. The value of this was estimated at $900,000.

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