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Lemongrass essential oil is extracted from Cymbopogon
citratus, of the Poaceae family.
Lemongrass oil has a lemony, sweet smell and is dark
yellow to amber and reddish in color, with a watery
- It is
a perennial fast-growing aromatic grass, growing to
about 1 meter (3 feet) high with long, thin leaves and
originally was growing wild in India.
main chemical components of lemongrass oil are myrcene,
citronellal, geranyl acetate, nerol, geraniol, neral and
traces of limonene and citral.
Lemongrass (Cymbopogon citratus) essential oil was
extracted with dense carbon dioxide at 23–50 °C and
Lemongrass (Cympopogon citratus L.) oil (ranging between
25 and 500 ppm) was tested for antifungal activity
against Colletotrichum coccodes, Botrytis cinerea,
Cladosporium herbarum, Rhizopus stolonifer and
Aspergillus niger in vitro.
leaves of lemongrass contain an essential oil that is
extracted with steam distillation. The harvested leaves
are chopped and partially dried before extraction of the
domestic price of lemongrass oil has increased from 6,000
-10,000 cedis per kilogram (US$2.60 - 4.35). International
market prices are even higher and fluctuate from US$13 -14.
Traditionally Citral was produced from Lemongrass till 60’s
based on feed stock from India mainly part of south west coast
namely area from Kundapur in Karnataka till south Kerala with
major trading centre around Cochin.
- In some
period the U.S. imported 74 metric tons of lemongrass oil
primarily from Guatamala and India. The value of this was
estimated at $900,000.
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