are broadly defined as any fat-soluble (lipophilic), naturally-occurring
molecule, such as fats, oils, waxes, cholesterol, sterols, fat-soluble
vitamins (such as vitamins A, D, E and K), monoglycerides, diglycerides,
phospholipids, and others.
also encompass molecules such as fatty acids and their derivatives, as
well as other sterol-containing metabolites such as cholesterol.
may be broadly defined as hydrophobic or amphiphilic small molecules
that originate entirely or in part from two distinct types of
biochemical subunits or "building blocks": ketoacyl and isoprene groups.
are defined by their solubility. They are molecules that are insoluble
in polar solvents (such as water), but will dissolve in non-polar
main biological functions of lipids include energy storage, acting as
structural components of cell membranes, and participating as important
are a diverse group of compounds that have many key biological
functions, such as acting as structural components of cell membranes,
serving as energy storage sources and participating in signaling
play diverse and important roles in nutrition and health.
major concern for lipid technology is to develop new lipid products and
new processes. The research on lipid processing has primarily been
focused on lipid modification, especially using enzyme technology.
recent years, evidence has emerged showing that lipid signaling is a
vital part of the cell signaling. Lipid signaling may occur via
activation of GPCR's or nuclear receptors, and members of several
different lipid categories have been identified as signaling molecules
and cellular messengers.
lipid management market is the single largest pharmaceutical segment and
continues to grow at double-digit rates.
ingredient supplier is to market a novel lipid developed by Israeli firm
Enzymotec to dairy and infant formula makers.
Netherlands-based Lipid Nutrition has introduced a 95 per cent
concentration of its Clarinol brand conjugated linoleic acid (CLA), said
to be the highest form of CLA available to the nutraceutical market.
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