Mango
     

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Information @ a Glance

General

  • Mangoes belong to the genus Mangifera, consisting of numerous species of tropical fruiting trees in the flowering plant family Anacardiaceae.
  • Cultivated in many tropical regions and distributed widely in the world, mango is one of the most popularly exploited fruits for food, juice, flavor, fragrance and color.
  • Its leaves are ritually used as floral decorations at weddings and religious ceremonies.
  • Mango trees  reach 35-40 m in height, with a crown radius of 10 m. The leaves are evergreen, alternate, simple, 15-35 cm long and 6-16 cm broad; when the leaves are young they are orange-pink, rapidly changing to a dark glossy red, then dark green as they mature.
Cultivation
  • It is easily cultivated and there are now more than 1,000 cultivars, ranging from the turpentine mango to the huevos de toro .
  • Mango can be grown under both tropical and sub-tropical climate from sea level to 1400 m altitude, provided there is no high humidity, rain or frost during the flowering period.
  • Places with good rainfall and dry summer are ideal for mango cultivation.
  •  It is better to avoid areas with winds and cyclones which may cause flower and fruit shedding and breaking of branches.

Uses

  • Mangoes are widely used in chutney, which in the West is often very sweet, but in the Indian subcontinent is usually sharpened with hot chilis or limes.
  • A more traditional Indian drink is mango lassi, which is similar, but uses a mixture of yogurt and milk as the base, and is sometimes flavoured with salt or cardamom.
  • Mango leaves are used to decorate the entrance of a household amongst Hindus. Mango leaves are also used in Indian prayers (poojas) to propitiate the gods.
  • Mango is also used to make juices, both in ripe and unripe form. Pieces of fruit can be mashed and used in ice cream; they can be substituted for peaches in a peach (now mango) pie; or put in a blender with milk, a little sugar, and crushed ice for a refreshing beverage.
Market
  • Fresh mangoes and mango pulp are the important items of agri-exports from India.
  •  India's main export destinations for mango are UAE, Kuwait and other Middle East countries with a limited quantity being shipped to European market.
  • Although, India is the largest mango producing country, accounting about 60% of world production, the export of fresh fruit is limited to Alphonso and Dashehari varieties.
  • India's share in the world mango market is about 15 percent. Mango accounts for 40 percent of the total fruit exports from the country. There is good scope for increasing the area and productivity of mango in the country.

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