- Handicraft, also
known as craftwork or simply craft, is a type of work where useful and
decorative devices are made completely by hand or using only simple
tools. Usually the term is applied to traditional means of making
goods. The individual artisanship of the items is a paramount
criterion, such items often have cultural and/or religious
significance. Items made by mass production or machines are not
- Handicrafts are
generally considered more traditional work, created as a necessary
part of daily life, while arts and crafts implies more of a hobby
pursuit and a demonstration/perfection of a creative technique. In
practical terms, the categories have a great deal of overlap.
sector has three categories of players, viz, (a) Trader Entrepreneur,
(b) Artisan Entrepreneur and (c) Artisan Worker. The players in the
handicraft sector have distinct roles in the craft. Only the first two
category players viz, trader entrepreneur and artisan entrepreneur
could be considered as entrepreneurs bearing risk.
potential for traditional Handicraft items, will be tapped by
aggressive support in the area of Marketing, Design upgradation and
provision of adequate backward and forward linkages. Under Baba Saheb
Ambedkar Hast Shilp Vikas Yojna and other centrally sponsored schemes,
a package of support to artisans and handicraft artisans will be
provided which include basic inputs and infrastructure support like
diagnostic survey and project plan, mobilization of artisans,
training, design development, new techniques, packing, common facility
centre, marketing events, exhibitions, emporiums and publicity.
National Bank for Agriculture & Rural Development (NABARD) : was
setup by an act of 1981. The objective of the Bank was to provide
credit for promotion of Agriculture, small-scale Industry, cottage and
village industries, handicrafts and other rural crafts and other
allied economic activities in rural area with a view to promote
integrated rural development and to secure prosperity of rural area
and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.
has a vast production base for handicrafts (including carpets),
handlooms, jute and jute products etc. The handicrafts, handloom and
jute sectors have contributed substantially to the foreign exchange
earnings. The growth of these sectors for the last five years is
significant. The Indian cottage sector has seen rapid growth in the
past and is currently a Rs. 60,000 crores plus industry.
the span of five years since 2000-2001 export of handicrafts grew from
the level of Rs.8490.16 crores to Rs.13032.70 crores in the year 2004
- 2005. The analysis of
country-wise share of handicrafts exports reveals that Indian
handicrafts are excessively concentrated in 3 markets: U.S.A.,
U.K. and Germany.
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