- Methanol is the
simplest alcohol, containing one carbon atom. It is a colorless,
tasteless liquid with a very faint odor and is commonly known
as "wood alcohol."
- Methanol (CH3OH) is a
colorless, odorless,slightly flammable liquid, also called methyl
alcohol or wood alcohol. Liquid methanol can be produced from just about
anything containing carbon.
- Potential sources
include natural gas, coal, and biomass. Currently most methanol is
produced from natural gas, or methane, using steam, pressure, and a
- Methanol, which is
presently prepared from fossil-fuel-based syn-gas, can also be prepared
by direct oxidative conversion of natural gas (methane) or reductive
conversion of atmospheric carbon dioxide with hydrogen.
- The bulk of methanol
is processed into formaldehyde in order to produce plastic masses,
urotropine, and carbamide resins.
- Methane, a greenhouse
gas, is also given off by decomposing vegetable matter in landfills —
another source that could be tapped for methanol production.
- Methanol production
growth may be also spurred by the introduction of new technologies
implying the use of methanol to obtain gasoline and polymers.
- A novel atmospheric
methanol measurement technique, employing selective gas-phase catalytic
conversion of methanol to formaldehyde followed by detection of the
formaldehyde product, has been developed and tested.
- Developed countries
are major methanol consumers.
- In Russia, methanol
is consumed mainly in the production of Formalin and synthetic rubbers,
which account for 60-70% of total methanol use.
- Polyfuel has picked a
strategy of focusing on a core part of the fuel cell market: the
membrane, where fuel and air
are converted into electricity.
- Methanol capacities
in China and the Middle East are expected to double to 40 million tonnes
- In Iran, the
increased supply from the 1.65m tonne/year Zagross facility has dampened
market sentiment and put downward pressure on methanol values.
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