from the CD ROM
Information Profile @ a Glance
- The metallurgical and mineral industries constitute the bedrock
of industrial development as they provide the basic raw materials
for most of the industries.
- India produces as many as 84 minerals comprising 4 fuel, 11
metallic, 49 nonmetallic industrial and 20 minor minerals.
- In many parts of the world, particularly in developing
countries, minerals are extracted by artisanal and small-scale
mining (ASM) – by people working with simple tools and equipment,
usually in the informal sector, outside the legal and regulatory
- Mica, Barytes, Kyanite, Sillimanite, Chromite, Coal, Lignite,
Talc, Steatite, Pyrophylite, Bauxite, Iron Ore, Manganese are some
of the minerals of India
- Many incentives & Supports by Governments are offered to
domestic & Foreign Companies
- The overall changes occurring during the past 10 years or so had
some discernible impact on rationalizing, regulating and expanding
existing mining activities and promoting new ventures within the
mining sector and as such to some extent also on the sub-sector of
- Miner minerals with good potentials are Granite, Laterite,
Marble Ochre, Quartz, Sandstone, Slate, Lime Stone & many others
- An increasing number of local NGOs are gradually exerting
increasing influence on the socio-economic aspects encompassing the
domain of both the workers and the mine owners.
- Environmental, community and health related negative impacts can
be visualised in many cases of small-scale mining. In some cases
such negative impacts are inherent but in many cases they are
motivated by socio-political NGOs.
- Pick and basket mining had been a common practice in the past
occasionally resorting to manual breaking of bigger boulders by
heavy hammer and using gunpowder in the hand drilled shallow
- In the cases of hard materials, needing blasting, hand operated
jumpers are used for making shallow holes and either gunpowder or
even gelignite sticks are extensively used.
- In the case of mines working in clusters and extracting hard
mineral matters e.g. basalt rock Trap stone, quartzite etc occurring
over reasonably large areas compressed air hammer drills are
regularly used for drilling and blasting with gelignite sticks.
- With the succeeding educated progeny of small miners, acceptance
of advanced and improved technology and management practices is
becoming more and more evident and attractive, particularly where
techno economically feasible. This is a good sign and we can expect
a better scenario in
the near future.
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