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Information @ a Glance

General

  • Sugarcane or sugar cane (Saccharum) is a genus of 6 to 37 species (depending on taxonomic interpretation) of tall perennial grasses (family Poaceae, tribe Andropogoneae), native to warm temperate to tropical regions of the Old World. They have stout, jointed, fibrous stalks that are rich in sugar and measure 2 to 6 meters tall
  • Sugarcane processing is focussed on the production of cane sugar (sucrose) from sugarcane. Other products of the processing include bagasse, molasses, and filtercake.
  • Bagasse, the residual woody fiber of the cane, is used for several purposes: fuel for the boilers and lime kilns, production of numerous paper and paperboard products and reconstituted panelboard,agricultural mulch, and as a raw material for production of chemicals.

Processing

  • Hand cutting is the most common harvesting method throughout the world but some locations (e. g.,
    Florida, Louisiana and Hawaii) have used mechanical harvesters for several years.
  • After cutting, the cane is loaded by hand, mechanical grab loaders, or continuous loaders. Cane is transported to the mills using trailers, trucks, railcars, or barges, depending upon the relative location of the cane fields and the processing plants.
  • When the cane is cut, rapid deterioration of the cane begins. Therefore, unlike sugarbeets, sugarcane
    cannot be stored for later processing without excessive deterioration of the sucrose content.

Market

  • Illinois-based Archer-Daniels-Midland Co., the nation's largest corn ethanol producer, is planning on entering the Brazilian sugar cane ethanol production market soon by making one or more investments in the country's production infrastructure, company executives said this week.
  • Based on the rate of increase in population and per capita consumption (refer to Annex Table 4), demand of sugar for household consumption in the Bicol region is projected to decrease at a rate of 1.62% per annum or an annual average of 13,890.41MT within the next five years.
  • Total demand of sugar for household consumption and processing of soft drinks is projected to decrease at a rate of 0.6% per annum or an annual average of 18,966.56 MT within the next five years

Report

  • In the tropical region, Maharashtra is a major sugarcane growing state where the area under sugarcane crop increased marginally from 5.90 lakh hectares to 5.99 lakh hectares but the sugarcane production declined from 53.14 million tonnes in 1999-2000 to 37.01 million tonnes in 2002-03.
  • Fresh estimates of cost of cultivation/production of sugarcane, generated under the Comprehensive Scheme (CS) by the Directorate of Economics & Statistics pertaining to the year 2002-03 are available for the major growing states of Andhra Pradesh, Haryana, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and Uttar Pradesh.
  • The scenario was almost the same in respect of Andhra Pradesh and Karnataka where the area increased marginally from 2.31 and 3.73 lakh hectares in 1999-2000 to 2.34 and 3.85 lakh hectares respectively in 2002-03 but the production declined from 18.51 and 37.57 million tonnes to 15.39 and 32.48 million tonnes respectively.

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