- Molasses or
treacle is a thick syrup by-product
from the processing of the sugarcane or sugar beet into sugar.
- The word
molasses comes from the Portuguese word melašo, which comes from mel,
the Portuguese word for "honey".
- The word molasses
comes from the Portuguese word melašo, which comes from mel, the
Portuguese word for "honey". The quality of molasses depends on the
maturity of the sugar cane or beet, the amount of sugar extracted, and
the method of extraction
- It can be used
as a chelating agent to remove rust, as the base material for
fermentation into rum, as the carbon source for in situ remediation of
chlorinated hydrocarbons, and it can even be mixed with sand to make
mortar for brickwork.
- Molasses has
recently been recognised in a number of diverse industries, including
food and drinks manufacture, fuels, rubber, printing, chemical and
construction industries, alongside the traditional agricultural
- Molasses is used as
an energy source in a wide range of fermentation processes to grow
yeasts, moulds and bacteria which produce brewing, baking, distilling
and feed yeasts.
- Molasses is used as
a flavouring and colouring agent, in sauces, speciality sugars and
sweets. It is also incorporated into specialist compost which provides a
high energy activator for mushrooms.
- The U.S. production
of cane molasses comes from Florida, Louisiana, Texas, Hawaii and Puerto
Rico.The size of this market is about 10-11 million tons, of which 4-5
million tons are produced within the market.
- In 1981, total
market supplies of molasses available in the United States were
approximately 2.8 million metric tons.
- Brazil has
reduced its molasses exports from about a million tons to the present
figure of 635,000 tons. This trend may continue in areas where it is
difficult or very expensive to move molasses to ports.
- India produces
ethanol from molasses and biodiesel is produced from
- With the total
production of 75 million tons of cane per year, around 3.75 million tons
are produced annually (accounting for 5% of sugar
- The sugar
content reported as total sugar (TS) in molasses from the sugar
factories is around 50%. This can be a very good feedstock for yeast
fermentation to produce ethanol.
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