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  • Molasses or treacle is a thick syrup by-product from the processing of the sugarcane or sugar beet into sugar.
  •  The word molasses comes from the Portuguese word melašo, which comes from mel, the Portuguese word for "honey".
  • The word molasses comes from the Portuguese word melašo, which comes from mel, the Portuguese word for "honey". The quality of molasses depends on the maturity of the sugar cane or beet, the amount of sugar extracted, and the method of extraction


  • It can be used as a chelating agent to remove rust, as the base material for fermentation into rum, as the carbon source for in situ remediation of chlorinated hydrocarbons, and it can even be mixed with sand to make mortar for brickwork.
  • Molasses has recently been recognised in a number of diverse industries, including food and drinks manufacture, fuels, rubber, printing, chemical and construction industries, alongside the traditional agricultural uses.
  • Molasses is used as an energy source in a wide range of fermentation processes to grow yeasts, moulds and bacteria which produce brewing, baking, distilling and feed yeasts.
  • Molasses is used as a flavouring and colouring agent, in sauces, speciality sugars and sweets. It is also incorporated into specialist compost which provides a high energy activator for mushrooms.
  • The U.S. production of cane molasses comes from Florida, Louisiana, Texas, Hawaii and Puerto Rico.The size of this market is about 10-11 million tons, of which 4-5 million tons are produced within the market.
  • In 1981, total market supplies of molasses available in the United States were approximately 2.8 million metric tons.
  • Brazil has reduced its molasses exports from about a million tons to the present figure of 635,000 tons. This trend may continue in areas where it is difficult or very expensive to move molasses to ports.


  • India produces ethanol from molasses and biodiesel is produced from jatropha.
  • With the total production of 75 million tons of cane per year, around 3.75 million tons of molasses
    are produced annually (accounting for 5% of sugar cane).
  •  The sugar content reported as total sugar (TS) in molasses from the sugar factories is around 50%. This can be a very good feedstock for yeast fermentation to produce ethanol.

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