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  • The Montessori method is an educational method for children, based on theories of child development originated by Italian educator Maria Montessori in the late 19th and early 20th century.

  • It is applied primarily in preschool and elementary school settings, though some Montessori high schools exist.

  • The method is characterized by an emphasis on self-directed activity on the part of the child and clinical observation on the part of the teacher (often called a "director", "directress", or "guide").

  • It stresses the importance of adapting the child's learning environment to his or her developmental level, and of the role of physical activity in absorbing academic concepts and practical skills.

  • It is also characterized by the use of autodidactic (self-correcting) equipment to introduce various concepts.

  • Although there are many schools which use the name "Montessori," the word itself is not recognized as a trademark, nor is it associated with a single specific organization.

  • The Montessori philosophy is built upon the idea that children develop and think differently from adults; that they are not merely "adults in small bodies".

  • Dr. Montessori advocated children's rights, children working to develop themselves into adults, and that these developments would lead to world peace.

  • The Montessori method discourages traditional measurements of achievement (grades, tests) under the premise that it is damaging to the inner growth of children (and adults).

  • Feedback and qualitative analysis of a child's performance does exist but is usually provided in the form of a list of skills, activities and critical points, and sometimes a narrative of the child's achievements, strengths and weaknesses, with emphasis on the improvement of those weaknesses.

  • All learning first comes to us through the senses. By isolating something that is being taught, the child can more easily focus on it.

  • Culture includes both the studies of the world and various cultures.

  • Children go from a very concrete understanding of math to a more abstract concept.

  • Every activity has its place in the classroom and is self-contained and self-correcting. The original didactic materials are specific in design, conforming to exact dimensions, and each activity is designed to focus on a single skill, concept, or exercise.

  • Currently, the United States is the only country in the world to have an extensive commitment to the Montessori Philosophy.

  •  With over 8,000 Montessori schools, the U.S. significantly leads the other three major demographics in the world - the United Kingdom, Germany and Australia.

  • Although AMI operates training centers in multiple countries, Montessori in the United States has by far shaped the future of the pedagogy.

  • To date the U.S., Canada,Australia and the Netherlands are the only countries to incorporate Montessori schools in public systems.

  • In comparison, Australia, the second largest market, has fewer than 200 Montessori schools, most owned by Montessori Unlimited, a franchising company. Further, the U.S. has three of the four Erdkinder schools in the world.

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