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Information @ a Glance

General
  • Moringa oleifera is a small, graceful, deciduous tree with sparse foliage, often resembling a leguminous species at a distance, especially when in flower, but immediately recognized when in fruit.

  • Moringa is a fast growing, drought tolerant and pest resistant tree. It is the ultimate multipurpose plant. Every part of this wonderful tree can be used to alleviate suffering and hunger and it is one of the keys to ending malnutrition in many parts of the world affected by poverty, drought, disease and starvation.

Growth and Cultivation

  • Moringa oleifera is native to sub-Himalayan tracts of northern India but is now grown world-wide in the tropics and sub-tropics. It tolerates a wide range of soil and rainfall conditions. Minimum annual rainfall requirements are estimated at 250mm with maximum at over 3,000mm. Presence of a long taproot make it resistant to periods of drought. Its temperature range is 25-350 Celsius, but the tree will tolerate up to 48 degrees in the shade and can survive a light frost.
  • Moringa trees will flower and fruit annually and in some regions twice annually. During its first year, a Moringa tree will grow up to four meters in height and produce flowers and fruit. Left alone, the tree can eventually reach 12 meters in height with a trunk 30cm wide; however, the tree can be annually cut back to one meter or less from the ground. The tree will quickly recover and produce leaves and pods within easy reach. Within three years a tree will yield 400-600 pods annually and a mature tree can produce up to 1,600 pods. Trees can be easily grown from seed or from cuttings.

Water Treatment

  • MOCP ( Moringa Oleifera coagulant protein) was isolated from the crude extract solution by IEX chromatography and native-PAGE. As a result of the high pI(isoelectric point) of MOCP it was possible to purify it from the crude extract using a simple IEX purification method.
  • Moringa oleifera seeds treat water on two levels, acting both as a coagulant and an antimicrobial agent. It is generally accepted that Moringa works as a coagulant due to positively charged, water-soluble proteins, which bind with negatively charged particles (silt, clay, bacteria, toxins, etc) allowing the resulting “flocs” to settle to the bottom or be removed by filtration. 

Applications

  • The leaves, the flowers, the seeds and the seed pools can all serve as food. Besides, the seeds are used to purify dirty water. The tree also contains oil used for cooking, lubrication, soaps, creams and even lamps. Part of the bark can be used in cooking, food preservation and rope making. The wood from the tree also serves as a fuel.

    The leaves of the tree are believed to prevent 300 diseases in India and science confirms this. Scientific research has proven that these humble leaves are in fact a powerhouse of nutritional value. Gram for gram, Moringa leaves contain 7 times the vitamin C in orange, 4 times the calcium in milk, 4 times the vitamin A in carrots, 2 times the protein in milk and 3 times the potassium in bananas.

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