- Moringa oleifera
is a small, graceful, deciduous tree with sparse foliage, often
resembling a leguminous species at a distance, especially when in
flower, but immediately recognized when in fruit.
Moringa is a fast growing, drought tolerant and pest resistant tree.
It is the ultimate multipurpose plant. Every part of this wonderful
tree can be used to alleviate suffering and hunger and it is one of
the keys to ending malnutrition in many parts of the world affected
by poverty, drought, disease and starvation.
- Moringa oleifera
is native to sub-Himalayan tracts of northern India but is now grown
world-wide in the tropics and sub-tropics. It tolerates a wide range
of soil and rainfall conditions. Minimum annual rainfall
requirements are estimated at 250mm with maximum at over 3,000mm.
Presence of a long taproot make it resistant to periods of drought.
Its temperature range is 25-350 Celsius, but the tree
will tolerate up to 48 degrees in the shade and can survive a light
- Moringa trees
will flower and fruit annually and in some regions twice annually.
During its first year, a Moringa tree will grow up to four meters in
height and produce flowers and fruit. Left alone, the tree can
eventually reach 12 meters in height with a trunk 30cm wide;
however, the tree can be annually cut back to one meter or less from
the ground. The tree will quickly recover and produce leaves and
pods within easy reach. Within three years a tree will yield 400-600
pods annually and a mature tree can produce up to 1,600 pods. Trees
can be easily grown from seed or from cuttings.
- MOCP ( Moringa
Oleifera coagulant protein) was isolated from the crude extract
solution by IEX chromatography and native-PAGE. As a result of the
high pI(isoelectric point) of MOCP it was possible to purify it from
the crude extract using a simple IEX purification method.
oleifera seeds treat water on two levels, acting both as a coagulant
and an antimicrobial agent. It is generally accepted that Moringa
works as a coagulant due to positively charged, water-soluble
proteins, which bind with negatively charged particles (silt, clay,
bacteria, toxins, etc) allowing the resulting “flocs” to settle
to the bottom or be removed by filtration.
- The leaves, the
flowers, the seeds and the seed pools can all serve as food.
Besides, the seeds are used to purify dirty water. The tree also
contains oil used for cooking, lubrication, soaps, creams and even
lamps. Part of the bark can be used in cooking, food preservation
and rope making. The wood from the tree also serves as a fuel.
The leaves of the tree are believed to prevent 300 diseases in India
and science confirms this. Scientific research has proven that these
humble leaves are in fact a powerhouse of nutritional value. Gram
for gram, Moringa leaves contain 7 times the vitamin C in orange, 4
times the calcium in milk, 4 times the vitamin A in carrots, 2 times
the protein in milk and 3 times the potassium in bananas.
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