Mosquitoes      
     

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Information @ a Glance

General

  • Mosquitoes are insects which make up the family Culicidae.
  • They have a pair of scaled wings, a pair of halteres, a slender body, and long legs.
  • The females of most mosquito species suck blood (hematophagy) from other animals, which has made them the most deadly disease vectors known, killing millions of people over thousands of years and continuing to kill millions per year by the spread of diseases.
  • A mosquito can fly for 1 to 4 hours continuously at up to 12 km/h[4] travelling up to 10 km in a night.
Technology
  • When humans and animals exhale, they give off CO2 (carbon dioxide) and other
    scents, which attract mosquitoes.
  • In fact, mosquitoes have sensors that can detect the presence of these chemicals at a distance of over 100 feet and once the mosquito picks upthe scent, they will immediately change direction and fly rapidly toward the intended victim.
  • The United Nations is harnessing nuclear technology to try to eradicate the mosquitoes whose bite transmits malaria, a deadly disease devastating the African continent.
  • The technique of sterilization could not be used all over Africa and would have to be combined with other population control techniques to eradicate the malaria pest

Control

  • Mosquito control is the task of managing the population of mosquitoes to reduce their damage to human health, economies, and enjoyment of mosquito-ridden areas.
  • Fogging method of controlling mosquitoes, flies and other such pests is temporary but is indeed necessary in many instances, including health threats from severe bug populations and to prepare for an outdoor activity where these pests are unwanted.
  • Mosquito control is a vital public-health practice throughout the world and especially in the tropics because mosquitoes spread many diseases, such as malaria.
  • Control of larvae can be accomplished through use of contact poisons, growth regulators, surface films, stomach poisons (including bacterial agents), and biological agents such as fungi, nematodes, copepods, and fish.
Report
  • The State Mosquito Management Program today announced that mosquitoes trapped in Stonington on June 11, 2008 have tested positive for West Nile virus.
  •  These are the first West Nile-positive mosquitoes identified by the Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station this year.
  • Encephalitis Mosquito mosquito causes few service requests, however, it does require a large part of our control effort to prevent the spread of the encephalitis virus that it carries.
  • Culex salinarius is a mosquito species abundant in coastal salt marshes that will feed on people and is one of the species that has been identified with West Nile virus in Connecticut in prior years.
     

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