pruriens Linn. belongs to Fabaceae, commonly known as cowhage or kavach
or velvet bean, and one of the most popular drugs in the Ayurvedic
system of medicine.
Velvetbean, also known as Mucuna Pruriens a vigorous annual climbing
legume, originally came from southern China and eastern India.
pruriens seeds contain high concentrations of levodopa.
pruriens bears white, lavender, or purple flowers.
pruriens seeds have also been found to have antidepressant properties
pruriens is a widespread fodder plant in the tropics.
Antibodies against snake venom raised by Mucuna pruriens.
pruriens seeds are soaked overnight, subjected to long cooking until
they are soft and used in various local food preparations.
Nodulation, dry matter and nitrogen accumulation of two mucuna
accessions in association with introduced bradyrhizobia were assessed on
two forest soils.
The hydrogen donating ability of the methanol extract of Mucuna pruriens
(MEMP) was measured in the presence of 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazyl (DPPH)
velvetbeans (VB), high in protein, contain toxic substances that
possibly can be destroyed by heating.
pruriens seeds have been widely used against snake bite in traditional
pruriens (MPE), a medicinal plant widely used in Nigeria for its
chemical and pharmacological properties, protects mice against the
lethal effect of Echis carinatus venom (EV).
Velvetbean (Mucuna spp.) is a summer annual that has been used as a
cover crop to reduce erosion, fix nitrogen and suppress weeds and
developing countries such as Honduras, the VB plant is increasingly
being used as a cover crop usually intercropped with corn.
pruriens is commonly used as carminative, hypertensive and hypoglycemic
leguminous cover crop Mucuna pruriens var. utilis was promoted as a
low-input technology for soil fertility improvement and for the control
of the noxious weed Imperata cylindrica.
genetic diversity coupled with wide-ranging traditional knowledge on
various usage practices offers a great scope for biotechnological
improvement of the Mucuna species of India for diverse applications.
technique proved to be effective in generating reproducible results
useful in assessment of genetic fidelity of micro-propagated propagules
in Mucuna cultivars. Various authors have found RAPD technique useful in
examining genetic fidelity of tissue culture-clones.
can also be intercropped with maize when the Imperata infestation is not
severe. The technology is to plant Mucuna in a relay cropping system
with food crops such as maize.
Biotechnology techniques have been widely used for legumes – important
crops with excellent nutritional characteristics and soil improvement
increasing global interest and expanding market of herbal drugs have led
to their introduction into cultivation to meet the demand at reasonable
Cultivation of medicinal plants can also facilitate in maintaining
standards - in quality, potency and chemical composition of the produce.
Kevatch is known for its itch causing hairs present on pods. In forests
of Chhattisgarh, Kevatch is collected and supplied to different parts of
country and also world since decades.
Kevatch is a source of drug for the treatment of Parkinson’s disease.
Natural chemical L-DOPA has been isolated from this herb. In
Chhattisgarh, the natives are aware of medicinal properties of Kevatch.
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