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Information @ a Glance

General

  • Mucuna pruriens Linn. belongs to Fabaceae, commonly known as cowhage or kavach or velvet bean, and one of the most popular drugs in the Ayurvedic system of medicine.

  • Velvetbean, also known as Mucuna Pruriens a vigorous annual climbing legume, originally came from southern China and eastern India.

  • Mucuna pruriens seeds contain high concentrations of levodopa.

  • Mucuna pruriens bears white, lavender, or purple flowers.

  • Mucuna pruriens seeds have also been found to have antidepressant properties when consumed.

  • Mucuna pruriens is a widespread fodder plant in the tropics.

Process

  • Antibodies against snake venom raised by Mucuna pruriens.

  • M. pruriens seeds are soaked overnight, subjected to long cooking until they are soft and used in various local food preparations.

  • Nodulation, dry matter and nitrogen accumulation of two mucuna accessions in association with introduced bradyrhizobia were assessed on two forest soils.
    The hydrogen donating ability of the methanol extract of Mucuna pruriens (MEMP) was measured in the presence of 1,1-diphenyl-2-picryl-hydrazyl (DPPH) radical.

  • The velvetbeans (VB), high in protein, contain toxic substances that possibly can be destroyed by heating.

Application

  • Mucuna pruriens seeds have been widely used against snake bite in traditional medicine.

  • Mucuna pruriens (MPE), a medicinal plant widely used in Nigeria for its chemical and pharmacological properties, protects mice against the lethal effect of Echis carinatus venom (EV).

  • Velvetbean (Mucuna spp.) is a summer annual that has been used as a cover crop to reduce erosion, fix nitrogen and suppress weeds and plant-parasitic nematodes.

  • In developing countries such as Honduras, the VB plant is increasingly being used as a cover crop usually intercropped with corn.

  • Mucuna pruriens is commonly used as carminative, hypertensive and hypoglycemic agent.

Technology

  • The leguminous cover crop Mucuna pruriens var. utilis was promoted as a low-input technology for soil fertility improvement and for the control of the noxious weed Imperata cylindrica.

  • Rich genetic diversity coupled with wide-ranging traditional knowledge on various usage practices offers a great scope for biotechnological improvement of the Mucuna species of India for diverse applications.

  • RAPD technique proved to be effective in generating reproducible results useful in assessment of genetic fidelity of micro-propagated propagules in Mucuna cultivars. Various authors have found RAPD technique useful in examining genetic fidelity of tissue culture-clones.

  • Mucuna can also be intercropped with maize when the Imperata infestation is not severe. The technology is to plant Mucuna in a relay cropping system with food crops such as maize.

  • Biotechnology techniques have been widely used for legumes – important crops with excellent nutritional characteristics and soil improvement qualities.

Report

  • The increasing global interest and expanding market of herbal drugs have led to their introduction into cultivation to meet the demand at reasonable economic price.

  • Cultivation of medicinal plants can also facilitate in maintaining standards - in quality, potency and chemical composition of the produce.

  • Kevatch is known for its itch causing hairs present on pods. In forests of Chhattisgarh, Kevatch is collected and supplied to different parts of country and also world since decades.

  • Kevatch is a source of drug for the treatment of Parkinson’s disease. Natural chemical L-DOPA has been isolated from this herb. In Chhattisgarh, the natives are aware of medicinal properties of Kevatch.

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