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                                         Information @ a Glance
General
  • Mushrooms are fruiting bodies of some members of a lower group of plants, known as fungi
  • The exotic flavour and taste and fleshiness of mushroom have made it an important delicacy in human diet.
  • Nutritionally, it is rich in proteins, vitamins (B, C and D) and minerals. Cholesterol and sodium content of mushroom is low. It is also known to have medicinal values and certain varieties of mushrooms can inhibit growth of cancerous tumor.

Cultivation

  • Of the various types of mushrooms presently cultivated in the world, eight are important. These are : button, oyster, straw, shikate, woody ear, winter, silver ear and nameko. These account for 99 per cent of the total world production of mushrooms.
  • In India only three types, namely, button, oyster and straw mushrooms are commercially cultivated.

Technology

  • China is  investing heavily in fermenter technology for growing mushroom mycelium of medicinal species.

  • Spawn is a medium that is impregnated with mycelium made from a pure culture of the chosen mushroom strain.

  • Spawn production is a fermentation process in which the mushroom mycelium will be increased by growing through a solid organic matrix under controlled environmental conditions.

Market

  • The lack of marketing avenues for mushrooms is a cause for the lack of interest among farmers in taking up cultivation.
  • The major importers of canned button mushroom are Germany, USA, France, Belgium Sweden, Norway and UK
  • The major exporters are Holland, China, France, Spain, Hongkong, Taiwan, Indonesia and South Korea

Report

  • Though India’s present share in world production and trade of button mushroom is meager, its future potential is rated as high.
  • The size of the units that are being set up in India have production capacities ranging from 250 to 3500 tonnes of fresh button mushrooms per year.
  • There are number of Institutions providing consultancy services and Training Opportunities regarding mushrooms.

Entrepreneur who want more information , check this link or email given below      

Frequently Asked Questions
  • Where do we get training?
    check with  Urban Horticulture Development Center
    Tamil Nadu Agricultural University
    New No.P44 (old no.37), 6th Avenue
    Annanagar, Chennai- 600 040
    Phone: 044-26263484/ Fax : 044- 26263484
    e.mail : chennai@tnau.ac.in
     
  • How to sell the Musrooms?
    Check with retail shops
  • How much Investment is required?
    You can do it as cottage industry with less that Rs. 100,000
    or invest about Rs.75 lacs for 2 ton per day capacity
  • What are the Safety Issues?
    Contact:
    FOOD HYGIENE AND HEALTH LABORATORY
    Dr. Abhay Desai. Director,
    A,609/613,5TH FLOOR & A,512/513
    4TH FLOOR MEGA CENTER,
    MAGARPATTA, SOLAPUR ROAD.
    HADAPSAR, PUNE - 411013,(M.S.),
    INDIA.
    TELE–FAX :91 –20 –26890197 / 26890347
    CELL - 09881237321
    E-MAIL- foodwatertestlab1@gmail.com
    foodwatertestlab1@yahoo.com
  • How to know the Technology
    Check with
    National Centre for Mushroom, Chambaghat, Solan, Himachal Pradesh-173213, [Tel: (01792) 30451, 30767]
  • Is there any association of Mushroom Farmers?
    Indian Mushroom Growers Association
    Mushroom Research Laboratory,
    College Of Agriculture,
    Solan
    Himachal Pradesh
    India
  • What are the links to see for understanding of the Mushroom Industry?
    Truffles. Guchhi. Oyster Mushroom . Ganoderma .
    Mushroom Marketing . Mushroom Casing Soil

 

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