General, Cultivation, Process,
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- Abelmoschus moschatus
is a tropical weedy shrub native to India valued for its scented seed.
Ambrette is a close relative to Okra, a popular horticultural crop. The
genus Abelmoschus has six species distributed in the South and South
East Asia and in North Australia.
- In Hindi, it is
popularly known as mushkdana, kasturi bhendi (kasturi = musk; bhendi =
lady’s finger). In other Indian languages it is known as gukhia korai
(Assamese), kasturi bhenda (Telgu), kattukasturi (Malylam), varttilai
kasturi (Tamil), lalkasturika (Sanskrit).
- Muskdana plant is
cultivated for its seeds, which have a characteristic musk-like odor.
The seeds are the source of ambrette, an aromatic oil used in perfumery.
- The plant grows to
about 3 feet with showy yellow flowers with crimson centers. The plant
is indigenous to India and is cultivated throughout the tropics
- Ambrette is
cultivated as pre-kharif crop in India.The musk mallow is widely
cultivated in tropical climates for its many uses.The oil for perfumery
is extracted by steam distillation of crushed seeds.
- Indian drug
manufacturers are introducing new herbal drugs containing ambrette for
medicinal use.Ambrette seed oil has been used in Chinese medicine for
treatment of headaches.
- Seeds have been used in
Egypt for breath fresheners.
- The oil is used
in high-grade perfumery.
- . The seeds are valued
medicinally for their diuretic, demulcent and stomachic properties.
flowers are used for making zarda, an indigenous flavoured tobacco. The
yellow portion of the petals found in plants growing in Muvattupuzha
(Kerala) have flavonoids, myricetin and cannabiscitrin. The seeds are
used as sachet powders as an insect-repellent.
- In India, roots,
leaves and seeds of ambrette are considered valuable traditional
- The bitter, sweet,
acrid, aromatic seeds are used as a tonic and are considered cooling,
aphrodisiac, opthalmic, cardiotonic, digestive, stomachic, constipating,
carminative, pectoral, diuretic, stimulant, antispasmodic, deodorant.
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