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- Mustard seeds are
the proverbially small seeds of the various mustard plants.
- The seeds are about
1 mm in diameter, and may be colored from yellowish white to black.
- They are important
spices in many regional cuisines.
- The seeds can come
from three different plants: black mustard , brown Indian mustard , and
white or yellow mustard.
- Mustard is very easy
to cultivate and inexpensive to grow. They will grow in any type of soil
preferably with a pH value between 4.2 to 8.3, which is fertile and
well-drained. It likes a sunny spot, with some shade in summer.
- Propagation of
mustard is through seeds. The seeds can be sown directly into the ground
which is enriched with well rotted manure and compost.
- Sow evenly, covering
with 1/4" of soil and keep moist and free of weeds. Germination will
take place within ten days. Growing period is from 40–60 days, depending
on variety and weather conditions.
- Mustard seeds
generally take 3–10 days to germinate if placed under the proper
conditions, which include a cold atmosphere and relatively moist soil.
- Dry mustard is used
as a seasoning in mayonnaise, salad dressings, and sauces. Yellow
mustard is also used to make flour that is used as an emulsifying agent
and stabilizer for the production of sausages.
- Mustard seeds have
been used mostly for indigestion and externally, from skin problems to
joint pains and a “crick” in the neck.
- Mustard is used in
salad dressings, egg dishes, cheese dishes, pickles and vegetables.
Mustard is rubbed over meat before roasting.
- Mustard is used as
remedy for the following few problems: Bronchitis, Muscular and skeletal
pains, Fever and cold.
- India is estimated
to have a total mustard seed output of 5 million ton while oil is around
1.3 million tons.
- The United States
exported 5,266 metric tons of mustard seed in 2003, accounting for
approximately 20 percent of total United States production and two
percent of world mustard exports.
- World mustard seed
production was nearly 703,738 metric tons in 2004.
- The United States is
a relatively large importer of mustard seed, with about a 19 percent
share of total world mustard seed imports.
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