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Information @ a Glance

General

  • Mustard seeds are the proverbially small seeds of the various mustard plants.
  • The seeds are about 1 mm in diameter, and may be colored from yellowish white to black.
  • They are important spices in many regional cuisines.
  • The seeds can come from three different plants: black mustard , brown Indian mustard , and white or yellow mustard.

Cultivation

  • Mustard is very easy to cultivate and inexpensive to grow. They will grow in any type of soil preferably with a pH value between 4.2 to 8.3, which is fertile and well-drained. It likes a sunny spot, with some shade in summer.
  • Propagation of mustard is through seeds. The seeds can be sown directly into the ground which is enriched with well rotted manure and compost.
  • Sow evenly, covering with 1/4" of soil and keep moist and free of weeds. Germination will take place within ten days. Growing period is from 40–60 days, depending on variety and weather conditions.
  • Mustard seeds generally take 3–10 days to germinate if placed under the proper conditions, which include a cold atmosphere and relatively moist soil.

Uses

  • Dry mustard is used as a seasoning in mayonnaise, salad dressings, and sauces. Yellow mustard is also used to make flour that is used as an emulsifying agent and stabilizer for the production of sausages.
  • Mustard seeds have been used mostly for indigestion and externally, from skin problems to joint pains and a “crick” in the neck.
  • Mustard is used in salad dressings, egg dishes, cheese dishes, pickles and vegetables. Mustard is rubbed over meat before roasting.
  • Mustard is used as remedy for the following few problems: Bronchitis, Muscular and skeletal pains, Fever and cold.

Report

  • India is estimated to have a total mustard seed output of 5 million ton while oil is around 1.3 million tons.
  • The United States exported 5,266 metric tons of mustard seed in 2003, accounting for approximately 20 percent of total United States production and two percent of world mustard exports.
  • World mustard seed production was nearly 703,738 metric tons in 2004.
  • The United States is a relatively large importer of mustard seed, with about a 19 percent share of total world mustard seed imports.

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