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Information @ a Glance

General
  • Nitrogen  is a chemical element which has the symbol N and atomic number 7. Elemental nitrogen is a colorless, odorless, tasteless and mostly inert diatomic gas at standard conditions. Nitrogen is a constituent element of all living tissues and amino acids. Many industrially important compounds, such as ammonia, nitric acid, and cyanides, contain nitrogen.
  • Liquid nitrogen is inert, colorless, odorless, non-corrosive, nonflammable, and extremely cold. Nitrogen makes up the major portion of the atmosphere (78.03% by volume, 75.5% by weight). Nitrogen is inert and will not support combustion; however, it is not life supporting. The term nitrogen oxide is a general term and can be used to refer to any of these oxides (oxygen compounds) of nitrogen, or to a mixture of them

Processing

  • The nitrogen cycle of an aquarium is a chain reaction in nature resulting in the birth of various types of nitrifying bacteria, each with their own job to do. Each new bacteria born consumes the previous one, and in turn gives birth to the next bacteria. In general the nitrogen cycling process usually takes about 30 days, but there is no exact time frame for this process to complete its task, as each aquarium is different.
  • Nitrogen fixation is limited to prokaryotes. Some eubacteria and a few archebacteria can fix nitrogen - but no eukaryotic cells can do this. Some N-fixing bacteria are free-living whereas other form symbiotic associations with plants. Rhizobium is also found free in the soil but only fixes N2 when inside the root nodules of its host plant, in a strictly controlled microaerophilic environment.

Application & Technology

  • Nitrogen is used to treat the melt in the manufacture of steel and other metals and as a shield gas in the heat treatment of iron, steel and other metals.  It is also used as a process gas, together with other gases for reduction of carbonization and nitriding. Liquid nitrogen is used to cool concrete, which leads to better cured properties.
  • Gaseous nitrogen has a wide variety of industrial applications, with special relevance to the chemical, alimentary, electrical and metallurgical industries. Nitrogen is still used as non-reactive gas in production of rubbers or expanded plastics, also with application in wind tunnels or as pressurizing liquid of reactor propellers.
  • The special advantage of Nitrogen Technology is that there is no need for complicated vacuum locks. A high quality, low-oxygen soldering atmosphere is obtained in an extremely short period of time – for perfect soldering results and outstanding soldering quality. The Clean Coal Technology will mitigate the economic and environmental impediments that limit the full utilization of coal as a continuing viable energy resource.

Market

  • An accidental explosion completely destroying the nitrogen plant of Grande Paroisse in Toulouse, France, and leading to the deaths of about thirty persons, raised fresh safety and security concerns in the fertilizer industry worldwide especially about the safe handling of ammonium nitrate. A viable nitrogen credit market will readily demonstrate the economic value of land for purposes other than corn production, housing, or commercial development.
  • The nitrogen market will create a new land-economics paradigm. It will create new financial opportunities for landowners, particularly farmers, and lessen the agricultural community’s dependence on government subsidies, while bringing an equitable resolution to the problem of non-point source pollution.

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