Process, Properties, Technology, Patent, Report,
nutmegs Myristica are a genus of evergreen trees indigenous to tropical
southeast Asia and Australasia.
and mace have similar taste qualities, nutmeg having a slightly sweeter
and mace a more delicate flavour.
- Nutmeg is
a flavorful addition to cheese sauces and is best grated fresh.
essential oil can be prepared by distillation.
and mace oleoresins are extracted from the plant using organic solvents.
- Two oils
are obtained from nutmeg and mace; volatile oil obtained by
distillation, and a fixed oil obtained by subjecting the nutmegs to heat
production of nutmeg is estimated to average between 10,000 and 12,000
tonnes per year with annual world demand estimated at 9,000 tonnes.
Production of mace is estimated at 1,500 to 2,000 tonnes.
and Grenada dominate production and exports of both products with a
world market share of 75% and 20% respectively.
principal import markets are the European Community, the United States,
Japan and India.
and mace are used to flavour bakery; meat and fish dishes; sauces and
vegetables; such beverages as eggnog; and in preserving and pickling.
appears in the Hindu Pharmacopoeia as a treatment for fever, asthma and
- Since the
seventh century Arabs have used it for digestive disorders, kidney
disase and lymphatic ailments.
- Nutmeg is
used in perfumery, soaps and shampoos. Nutmeg seed oil, which consists
primarily of pinene and camphene, is used in perfume.
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