Onion Processing

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Information @ a Glance

General

  • Onion (Allium cepa) is a popular vegetable grown for its pungent bulbs and flavorful leaves.
  • Onion is a term used by many plants in the genus Allium. They are known by the common name "onion" but, used without qualifiers, it usually refers to Allium cepa.
  • Onions, one of the oldest vegetables known to humankind, are found in a bewildering array of recipes and preparations, spanning almost the totality of the world's cultures; they are nowadays available in fresh, frozen, canned, pickled, and dehydrated forms.
  • Onions are a staple food in India, and are therefore fundamental to Indian cooking. They are commonly used as a base for curries, or made into a paste and eaten as a main course or as a side dish.

Cultivation

  • Onion seeds are sown on nursery beds to raise seedlings for transplanting in the field. Raised beds of size 3 x 0.6 m and 10-15 cm in height are prepared.
  • About 70 cm distance is kept between two beds to carry out operations of watering, weeding, etc. The surface of beds should be smooth and well levelled.
  •  Raised beds are necessary to avoid problem of water logging in heavy soils. In sandy soils, however, sowing can be taken up in flat beds. To avoid mortality of seedlings due to damping off, drenching of the beds with Bavistin (15-20 g/10 litres of water) is effective.

Processing

  • Finis has been active in the field of onion processing equipment for more than 35 years and can speak from a lot of experience. 
  • Each and every onion bulb is checked for color and maturity, peeled, mechanically drum washed with continuous flow of fresh water, then chopped in different sizes.
  • All process are under taken by experienced and skilled people in hygienic and temperature control insect free packing room.
  • Two commonly consumed plant foods, onion bulbs and asparagus spears, were subjected to typical domestic processing, including chopping, maceration, and boiling.
Market
  • Onion exports to Canada increased to $91.5 million, but onion exports to Mexico declined to $31.8 million, returning to more normal levels.
  • Additional processing may include washing, peeling, coring and cutting for special packaged products or ingredients for the prepared foods industry
  • According to U.S. trade statistics, onion exports increased nearly 5 percent , totaling $152.2 million.
  • The volume of U.S. onions exported to Mexico the previous year was $37.7 million, three times the usual amount.
 

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