Cultivation, History, Uses, Health, Extract, Reports, Market

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Project Profile @ a Glance
  • Oranges are oval to sphere-shaped fruits with leathery, porous skin. Their color ranges from orange to red-orange. Oranges may be confused with other citrus fruits, such as grapefruits and tangerines.
  • Oranges grow on evergreen trees that reach a mature size of 30 feet high and 20 feet wide. The branches of many orange trees are thorny.
  •  There are different types of oranges: navel oranges, Valencia oranges and blood oranges are the most cultivated races.
  • Orange flowers are white in color and very fragrant. The flower blooms in the spring, but the fruit is not ready until the following fall or winter.
  • The orange blossom is the state flower of Florida.
  • The navel orange is a seedless orange, with medium-thick rind, in which a second small, or abortive, orange grows.
  • A variety of the Washington navel orange is the principal orange product of Texas.
  •  The sour orange is cultivated to a limited extent for marmalade and to provide rootstock for less vigorous strains.
  • About 20 percent of the total crop of oranges is sold as whole fruit; the remainder is used in preparing frozen and canned orange juice, extracts, and preserves. 
  • Brazil’s production of oranges during 2005/06 is forecast at 18.2 million tons, up 10 percent over last year’s level, assuming that good weather conditions prevail during 2006 to support fruit setting and size.
  • U.S. orange production during 2005/06 is estimated at 8.4 million tons, up only 1 percent from the previous year.
  • Florida’s orange crop is forecast up nearly 6 percent from the previous year. Offsetting this is an 11-percent decline in California’s orange production for 2005/06.
  • The orange is a favorite fruit among Americans. It has consistently ranked as the third most consumed fresh fruit behind bananas and apples. As a juice, it ranks number one. On average, Americans consume 2½ times more orange juice annually than its nearest competitor, apple juice.
  • The United States is the world's second-largest orange producer after Brazil. Together, the two countries account  for over half of world production.
  • Two large processors/exporters of orange juice concentrate in Costa Rica, TicoFrut and Del Oro.
    TicoFruit’s processing plant is located in Muelle, San Carlos in the province of Alajuela, about 3 hours from San Jose.
  • Brazil is the leading orange-producing country in the world, followed by the United
    States, Mexico, Spain, Italy, China, Egypt, Turkey, Morocco and Greece. Florida and California are the leading orange-producing states in the U.S. These two states produce nearly 25 billion pounds of oranges each year
  • Botany
  • Florida Oranges
  • Citrus Aurantium Fact Sheet  
  • Citrus Aurantium
  • Fruit of the Month - Oranges
  • Contribution of Biotechnology
  • Freeze Risk and Adoption of Technology by Orange Producers
  • Oranges & Family

Orange Production

  • Crop Production
  • Improving the effectiveness of manual harvesting of oranges
  • Sustainable Fruit Production
  • Orange Network in Brazil
  • 2004-2005 Annual Statistical Report
  • Orange Cultivation at Panchagarh District of Bangladesh
  • Florida orange production
  • South African Oranges
  • Orange cultivation by traditional upland farmers in Nepal
Processing of Orange
  • Orange Fruit Processing
  • Orange Growers and Fruit Juice Industry
  • Citrus Cultivation
  • Citrus Plantation
  • Frozen Concentrated Orange Juice From Florida Oranges
  • Orange Squash
  • Spray dried orange juice
  • Fruit Juice Labelling
  • Concentrated Fruit Juice
  • Major By-Products of the Florida Citrus Processing
  • Quick Orange Fruit Dip
  • Citrus fruit processing
Post harvest Technology
  • Microbial Safety for Fresh Fruits and Vegetables
  • Post harvest disinfection
  • Safe Handling of Fresh Oranges
  • Common Post harvest Diseases & Disorders
  • Cold Storage
  • Minimize Microbial Food Safety Hazards
  • Safety Handling and Packaging
  • Food Safety
  • Citrus Industry in South Africa
Trade Analysis
  • Orange Juice Production and Trade
  • Brazilian Fruit Production
  • Commodity Profile - Fresh Oranges
  • Imports of Fresh Citrus and Citrus Products from Caribbean Basin
  • Citrus Trade
  • Citrus Juice Production and Fresh Market Extension Technologies
  • U.S. Orange Juice Tariff
  • Most Consumed Fruit in America
  • Commodity Trends
  • Impacts of Reducing Orange-Juice Tariffs in Major World Markets on U.S. Prices
  • Global Production
  • Establishment and Production Costs
  • U.S. Orange Production
  • Potential Impacts of Cuban Citrus on Florida’s Citrus Industry
  • World Market for Citrus Products and Risk Management
  • Costs of Oranges Produced in Sao Paulo, Brazil
  • Economic Evaluation of Hamlin Versus Valencia Orange Production in Florida
  • Comparative Marketing Costs - Florida and Sao Paulo
  • Characteristics of U.S.Orange Consumption
  • West European Market for Essential Oils
  • U.S. Imports of Mexican Orange Juice
  • U.S. Citrus Industry Situation
  • Specification of Orange Market in the Mekong Delta

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