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Information @ a Glance

General

  • Palmyrah pertains to the subfamily Borassoideae of the palm family Arecaceae.
  • Palmyrah (Borassus flabellifer L.), a tropical palm, adorns the dry landscape of the semi arid regions of Tamil Nadu (TN), Andhra Pradesh, Orissa, West Bengal, Bihar, Karnataka and Maharashtra.
  • Palmyrah is a dioecious palm with the great majority of its economic products such as immature endosperm, mesocarp pulp, tuberous seedlings obtained only from female palms.

Cultivation

  • Palmyrah is generally propagated by direct sowing at the time of monsoon.
  • Palmyrah thrives well in arid zones and it is a tree of sub-tropical region.
  • Palms, unlike broad-leaved woody trees, complete stem caliper growth before beginning substantial height increase.
  • Palms have been cultivated in Hungary as in most Central European countries since the Baroque Period.
  • Palmyrah palms are found in abundance in the Peninsula. In some places they grow wild and in others they are cultivated.

Process

  • Mechanisation has become a buzz word in oil palm industry of Malaysia over the last two decades. It is commonly recognised as a means of solving increasingly acute shortage of labour in the plantation sector.
  • The Palmyra, Coconut and Sago Palms throw outspathes during the flowering season. When these spathes are tapped, exudation of the juice begins.
  • Many palm species have been tapped throughout the tropical world in order to produce fresh juice (sweet toddy), fermented drinks (toddy, wine, arak), syrup ("honey"), brown sugar (jaggery) or refined sugar.

Market

  • It has been ascertained from a survey that about 22 lakh Palmyra palm trees, 10 lakh Date palm trees and 1 lakh Sago palm trees exist in orissa.
  • The State of Orissa has occupied the second position in the country, after Tamilnadu, in Palmgur Industrial activities.
  • It has been estimated that a single Palmyra palm tree can yield Neera, gur, fibre and palm leaf articles worth of Rs.600/- per annum.
  • The palm oil market was based on naturally regenerated groves of Elaeis guineensis (oil palms).
  • About 18 percent of all palm species worldwide are found in Mexico—95 species in 22 genera.

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