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                                         Information @ a Glance
General
  • A napkin or serviette is a rectangle of cloth or paper used at the table for wiping the mouth while eating. It is usually small and folded.
  • A napkin may also be held together in a bundle (with cutlery) by a napkin ring. Alternatively, paper napkins may be contained with a napkin holder.
  • A napkin is also a small scarf placed on the head by a woman entering a Roman Catholic Church as a conventional token of modesty. This practice is largely extinct in modern times.

Process

  • Technological process for converting of napkins and handkerchiefs consists of the following stages: unwinding of paper reels, regulation of margins, satinizing, embossing, cutting and folding, counting, stacking and transport stetje, basic packaging, labelling , group packaging, wrapping of palettes .
  • The bursting tearing strength relation indicates the pulps for the experimental paper were processed in the beater more than desired. The experimental reference sheet tended to be less soft than desirable for this grade of tissue paper, although the softness would undoubtedly be improved in the ordinary commercial converting operations in making toilet tissue rolls.

Technology

  • Clearly the most important leaps in tissue making technology are centered around the production of structured tissue similar to TAD, which is today recognized as the best technology for making high quality, highly absorbent tissue in large quantities.
  • A large quantity of TAD will hit the market all at once, and there are very few markets in the world that, until now at least, are capable of absorbing quantities on the order of 50,000 or 60,000 tons per year.

Market

  • Tissue consumption is stagnating in Europe. An increasing number of tissue mills based in the Middle East are now exporting to Europe and displacing existing European mills because they are more price-competitive. Some Europeans are restructuring in an effort to cut costs and closing down European mills in the process. However, itís not all plain sailing for Middle Eastern producers in the years ahead. In the familiar cyclical pattern of the industry,  a number of expansion projects in the region are being built to respond to growing demand. They could mean that the supply-demand balanced is in danger of being tipped in favor of tissue buyers.
  • Players in the tissue market could look to expand in the future, according to the latest figures. The value of the global tissue paper business is $30 billion, and the volume is over 20 million tonnes. North America and Europe account for over 60% of consumption. In the 1990s, the global market grew at a rate of close to 4%/yr.

Report

  • World average per capita consumption of tissue paper is 3.4 kg. The differences between regions are huge. Per capita consumption levels are highest in North America (22 kg), western Europe (13 kg) and Japan (over 13 kg). In China, other Asia and Africa, the consumption levels are 2 kg or below. The figures show that the global tissue business has much potential to grow in the future.
  • Kitchen towels and napkins have specific technical characteristics and perform specific functions that differentiate them from paper and board packaging materials and other paper products.

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