patent is a set of exclusive rights granted by a state to a patentee for
a fixed period of time in exchange for a disclosure of an invention.
term "patent" usually refers to a right granted to anyone who invents or
discovers any new and useful process, machine, article of manufacture,
or composition of matter, or any new and useful improvement thereof.
other types of intellectual property rights are referred to as "patents"
in some jurisdictions: industrial design rights are called "design
patents" in some jurisdictions (they protect the visual design of
objects that are not purely utilitarian), plant breeders' rights are
sometimes called "plant patents", and utility models or Gebrauchsmuster
are sometimes called "petty patents".
Intellectual Property Rights
an acronym that hardly needs to be expanded nowadays. Everyone, who
matters in scientific circles, is talking about intellectual property
rights and the importance of protecting scientific discoveries, with
commercial potential, in a tight maze of patents.
have become increasingly important in the past couple of decades in a
number of fields. This includes, for instance agricultural biotechnology
where IPRs provide a basic incentive for the development of the private
sector in this area.
protection of intellectual property rights in India continues to be
strengthened. There is a well-established statutory, administrative and
judicial framework to safeguard rights, whether they relate to patents,
trademarks, copyright or industrial designs.
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