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Information @ a Glance


  • Pearls have been a source of fascination for centuries. They have been considered the most magical and feminine of all gems and are the only one created by a living organism.
  • Pearls produced by Black-Lip pearl oysters are known as “black pearls” or “Tahitian black pearls” . Pearl oysters are most commonly found in tropical areas.
  • A cultured pearl is a pearl created by a pearl farmer under controlled conditions.


  • Pearl farming begins with conducting a feasibility study to determine whether the proper conditions (financial, environmental, operational and biological) that allow pearl farming to be profitable exist for the situation in which you wish to farm.
  • Optimal planting of pearl is between March to May and September to October since in the summer the water temperature is too high for just-opened hosts to survive, and in winter it is generally too cold for planting operations due to intricate and delicate implanting procedures.
  • Pearl farming still stands on a probability of production of the finest pearls. It means that the success of a pearl farming industry depends greatly on a high production of mother-of-pearls.


  • Pearl culture technology in India is in its infancy. However, the base technology to produce cultured pearls has been standardized1 and more attention is being paid to improve the implantation technique.
  • Freshwater farming technologies in China remained basically the same in the past century, except for the changes made in the 80's, where mussels for pearl cultivation were artificially propagated.


  • As products of living animals, pearls are unique among gems. In size, shape and color, they exist in an amazing variety of forms -- far more than just small, round and white. The global market for pearl jewelry is worth US $1.5 billion, a quarter of which is in black pearls.
  • The Western Australian pearl oyster fishery is the only remaining significant wild-stock fishery for pearl oysters in the world.


  • Pearl farming is an attractive business venture because of the high value of the final product. Although black pearls vary greatly in value depending on the size and quality, large, round pearls of high quality can sell for very high prices.
  • As calculated earlier, total earnings from Mabe pearls are estimated at over US$7.5 million.pearl has potential to become the major export commodity of the country. It might possibly share over 5% of the national GDP (US$138 million, 1992).
  • The pearl farming industry will have an impact on the other activities such as tourism, craft, reinvesting, prevention of rural exodus to Tongatapu, etc. As it is happening in French Polynesia.

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