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  • Pentane is any or one of the organic compounds with the formula C5H12.
  • This alkane is a component of some fuels and is employed as a specialty solvent in the laboratory. Its properties are very similar to those of butane and hexane.


  • Pentane burns to form carbon dioxide and water, As with other hydrocarbons, pentane undergoes free radical chlorination.
  • Such reactions are unselective, yielding a mixture of the 1-, 2-, and 3-chloropentanes, as well as more highly chlorinated derivatives.
  • Other radical halogenations can also occur.


  • California summer gasoline averages 5.2 percent pentane.
  • California winter gasoline averages at 6.8 percent, and gasoline exported to neighboring states has the highest level of pentane at 13.6 percent.


  • Pentane is one of the primary blowing agents used in the production of polystyrene foam.
  • Calorimetry and neutron dioraction have been used to identify and characterise the formation of a solid monolayer of pentane adsorbed on graphite and coexisting with liquid pentane.

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