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Information @ a Glance

General

  • Black pepper is one of the oldest spice crops.
  • Black pepper is the dried, mature but unripe berry (fruit) of Piper nigrum.
  • Black pepper (Piper nigrum) is a flowering vine in the family Piperaceae.
  • The word "pepper" is derived from the Sanskrit pippali.

Production & Cultivation

  • Black pepper is the most pungent and flavorful of all types of peppers and it is available as whole or cracked peppercorns or ground into powder.
  • Black pepper is produced from the still-green unripe berries of the pepper plant.
  • Black pepper is grown under a variety of agricultural schemes ranging from home gardens, mixed crops in coffee plantations and monocrops on slopes and in valleys.
  • Majority of the black pepper fields are now cultivated with land races or with the most popular hybrid variety, ‘Panniyur-1.

Process

  • The process for sterilization of whole black pepper is a potential process and would help the Indian Spice exporters to achieve a competitive edge other their counterparts from other pepper growing country.
  • Black and white pepper are processed in the factory by cleaning, grinding, and packaging.
  • The fresh grinding of the black pepper is one of the most important steps to impart the goodness of our newly developed product.

Application

  • London Researchers have found that a key component in black pepper, known as piperine, can help in developing new treatments for curing Vitiligo skin disease.
  • Coarse Black Pepper Often used in meat processing to help preserve the meat while curing.
  • Black pepper has an ability to diminish the amount of gas in the intestinal tract.

Market

  • India is a major producer and exporter of black pepper.
  • Brazil is the third largest producer of pepper in the world after Vietnam and India contributing 13% to total world production.

  • Black pepper prices on the national commodity exchanges are expected to rule higher in the short term on continued buying amid tight supply scenario in the global market.
  • Global pepper consumption is trending upwards because of increasing use in food industry. The study conducted by IPC suggests that the world pepper consumption is growing at a rate of 3.46% per year.
  • US is the major importer of Pepper which contributes nearly 23% to the total world Imports with annual growth rate of nearly 4.6%.

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