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Information @ a Glance

General
  • Phytochemicals are plant or fruit derived chemical compounds. "Phytonutrients" refer to phytochemicals or compounds that come from edible plants.
  • Phytochemicals (pronounced fight-o-chemicals) comes from the Greek root “phyto” meaning plant. There are over 900 phytochemicals found in foods, and one serving of a fruit or vegetable may have as many as 100 different phytochemicals.
  • Phytochemicals are non-nutritive plant chemicals that have protective or disease preventive properties. There are more than thousand known phytochemicals. It is well-known that plant produce these chemicals to protect itself .

Process

  • The phytochemical analysis of the extract both by qualitative and thin layer chromatography showed the presence of phenols, alkaloids, triterpenoids, steroids and carboxylic acids.
  • The constituents like triterpenoids and alkaloids of the noni may play a major role in the process of wound healing, however; further phytochemical studies are needed to find out the active compound(s) responsible for wound healing promoting activity.
  • An author found through trial and error that only one glandular trichome exhibits the phytochemical process that will produce the amount of THC associated with pain relief, appetite stimulation and anti-nausea; euphoria and hallucinations are undesirable side-effects, however.

Applications

  • Colon cancer is one of the most prevalent forms of cancer in the Western countries.
  • Action of certain phytochemicals  Prevents colon cancer  through application of large-scale gene expression measurement techniques.
  • Agricultural wastes are a largely ignored source of high-value phytochemicals and value-added industrial products. Grape canes are pruned annually, and these wastes represent a potentially important global source of trans-resveratrol and trans- -viniferin.
  • By comparison, grape cluster stems are known to contain higher trans-resveratrol concentrations than grape skins (about 0.05 mg/g dw), but no other part contains higher levels of these high-value phytochemicals than the canes.

Technology

  • Supercritical fluid-based technology is used for the enrichment of high-value phytochemicals from seed oil feedstocks and for conducting reactions to convert seed oils to higher value oleochemical derivatives, as well as the exploitation of SC-CO? as an extraction/reaction medium in the analytical characterization of seed oils.
  • Researchers are using a mouse model of human breast cancer and expression-profiling technology to examine cellular processes. Then Researchers  focused on research charting how vitamins, minerals, and phytochemicals combine with specific cellular and molecular structures, and with one another, to keep the cancer process at bay.

Market

  • The global herbal market is valued at USD 70 billion for nutraceuticals and USD 20 billion for phytomedicines with an average annual growth rate between 15 to 20%.
  • The distribution and composition of phenolic phytochemicals are affected by a number of factors: cultivar, fruit part, growing season, environmental conditions, horticultural practices, geographic origin, postharvest storage conditions and processing procedures
  • Some supplement manufacturers, however, have been considerably quicker to market the benefits of phytochemicals. A few are claiming to offer the advantages of several servings of fruits or vegetables within a very concentrated form.

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