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Information @ a Glance


  • The placenta is an ephemeral organ present in placental vertebrates, such as eutherial mammals and sharks during gestation (pregnancy).
  • In humans, the placenta averages 22 cm in length and 2-2.5 cm in thickness.
  • The placenta's growth is usually complete by the end of the first trimester of pregnancy (approximately 12/13 weeks) and thereafter feeds and nourishes the fetus while also disposing of toxic waste, essential to the fetus's survival.
  • Protherial (egg-laying) and metatherial (marsupial) mammals do not produce a placenta.
  • Women using placenta remedies after birth feel stronger, are happier and can breastfeed more easily.
  • A retained placenta means that all or part of the placenta or membranes are left behind in the uterus during the third stage of labour


  • Clinicians widely regard placental abruption as an acute event, though accumulating data point towards abruption being the end-result of chronic processes early in pregnancy
  • Placental calcification commonly increases with gestational age.
  • Placenta functions as respiratory, excretory and nutritive organ between foetus and mother.
  • Placentae fixed in 10% formalin were processed for routine paraffin embedment.
  • It is concluded that the normal aging process in placenta which is adaptive response to increasing workload as the pregnancy advances, can turn into pathological change when exposed to abnormal environment and chemicals like nicotine, and carbon monoxide.
  • The placenta protein is extracted using a sterilizing tissue processing technology.


  • Placenta can be extracted  in fragments using two fingers, ovum forceps or a wide curette.
  • Manual placenta removal is a procedure to remove a retained placenta from the uterus after childbirth.
  • Manual removal of placenta is performed in 1-3% of cases.
  • There are a number of placenta-based beauty products on the market today, they tend to be prohibitively expensive as the extraction process and sourcing often proves difficult.

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