- The placenta is an
ephemeral organ present in placental vertebrates, such as eutherial
mammals and sharks during gestation (pregnancy).
- In humans, the
placenta averages 22 cm in length and 2-2.5 cm in thickness.
- The placenta's growth
is usually complete by the end of the first trimester of pregnancy
(approximately 12/13 weeks) and thereafter feeds and nourishes the fetus
while also disposing of toxic waste, essential to the fetus's survival.
(egg-laying) and metatherial (marsupial) mammals do not produce a
- Women using placenta
remedies after birth feel stronger, are happier and can breastfeed more
- A retained placenta
means that all or part of the placenta or membranes are left behind in
the uterus during the third stage of labour
- Clinicians widely
regard placental abruption as an acute event, though accumulating data
point towards abruption being the end-result of chronic processes early
calcification commonly increases with gestational age.
Placenta functions as respiratory, excretory and nutritive organ between
foetus and mother.
Placentae fixed in 10%
formalin were processed for routine paraffin embedment.
is concluded that the normal aging process in placenta which is adaptive
response to increasing workload as the pregnancy advances, can turn into
pathological change when exposed to abnormal environment and chemicals
like nicotine, and carbon monoxide.
- The placenta protein
is extracted using a sterilizing tissue processing technology.
- Placenta can be
extracted in fragments using two fingers, ovum forceps or a wide
- Manual placenta
removal is a procedure to remove a retained placenta from the uterus
- Manual removal of
placenta is performed in 1-3% of cases.
- There are a number of
placenta-based beauty products on the market today, they tend to be
prohibitively expensive as the extraction process and sourcing often
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