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Information @ a Glance

General
  • A polyolefin is a polymer produced from a simple olefin (also called an alkene) as a monomer. Polyethylene is the polyolefin produced by polymerizing the olefin ethylene. An equivalent term is polyalkene; this is a more modern term, although polyolefin is still used in the petrochemical industry. Polypropylene is another common polyolefin which is made from the olefin propylene.
  • A more specific type of olefin is a poly-alpha-olefin, a polymer made by polymerizing an alpha-olefin. An alpha-olefin (or α-olefin) is an alkene where the carbon-carbon double bond starts at the α-carbon atom. Common alpha-olefins used as co-monomers to give a polymer alkyl branching groups are similar to 1-hexene or may be longer.

Process

  • There are three sections in the polyolefin production process where monomers are typically lost. These three sections are raw material purification, chemical reaction and product purification and finishing. all three sections provide significant opportunities for more efficient monomer use.
  • Polyolefin elastomers are copolymers of ethylene and another alpha-olefin such as butene or octene. POEs are produced using refined metallocene catalyst often referred to as single-site or constrained geometry catalysts. These catalysts have a constrained transition metal  sandwiched between one or more cyclopentadienyl ring structures to form a sterically hindered polymerization site. 

Properties

  • The properties of polyolefin fibers can be tailored by additives, variations in the polymer, and by use of different process conditions. General polyolefin fiber characteristics are able to give good bulk and cover, abrasion resistant, colorfast, quick drying, low static, resistant to deterioration from chemicals, mildew, perspiration, rot and weather conditions, thermally bondable, stain and soil resistant, Strong, dry hand; it transport body moisture from the skin, Very Comfortable, very lightweight ( Polypropylene and polyethylene fibers have the lowest specific gravity of all fibers).

Market and Report

  • The European polyolefin markets can be segmented into three groups according to their growth potential: the saturated Western European markets, the stable CE domestic markets and the Eastern European markets with intensive growth potential. In comparison with Western European markets, the usage of polyolefin per year in Eastern Europe is about two times smaller in more developed areas and five times smaller in less developed areas. 

  • Sales revenues have to be multiplied according to the decrease in profitability to ensure the USD 280 million EBITDA target for 2010. The possible future acquisition of INA’s shares and the assumptions of 100% growth in refined product sales volume in the next five years can secure the raw materials for polyolefin production. Depending on the growth of the downstream business and the present operating profit volume of USD 100 million on USD 1400 million sales assumes, that if the sales revenues will be increased to approximately USD 1800-2000 million – the EBITDA target number will be obtained. 

  • Metallocene catalysts have been in existence for almost a decade along with commercial polyolefin products. Though commercial polyolefin products have been in the market for over 7-8 years, barely 3% market penetration has been achieved so far. They are yet to obtain a significant market share of the total Polyolefin market of about 88 million tonnes.

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