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Information @ a Glance


  • A rose is a perennial shrub or vine of the genus Rosa, within the family rosaceae, that contains over 100 species.
  • Roses are one of the most popular garden shrubs, as well as the most popular and commonly sold florists' flowers.
  • The rose has always been valued for its beauty and has a long history of symbolism.
  • There are currently thousands of varieties of roses developed for bloom shape, size, fragrance and even for lack of prickles.
  • The most important growth factors are light, temperature, and water.


  • Cultivation of nursery also improves the overall growth of plant substantially in terms of height as compare to outside condition.
  • Cultivation of nursery inside greenhouse also helps in improving the economic conditions of the farmers of the region. The water requirement also reduces inside the greenhouse. Therefore, this technology will also be useful in the water scarcity area.
  • Solvent distillation is now more frequently used to extract the aroma of rose blossoms.

Preparation of the Extract

  • Dried rose flowers from mainland China were soaked in distilled water for 24 h and then boiled under reflux for 4 h. After cooling, the extract was filtered using filter paper, and the filtrate was lyophilized.
  • The most common aroma concentrates of rose are rose oil and rose water, derived from steam distillation; and rose concrete and rose absolute from solvent extraction.
  • Rose ottos are extracted through steam distillation, while rose absolutes are obtained through solvent extraction or supercritical carbon dioxide extraction, with the absolute being used more commonly in perfumery.


  • Attar of rose is the steam-extracted essential oil from rose flowers that has been used in perfumes for centuries.
  • Rose oil is used primarily as a fragrance component in pharmaceutical preparations and is extensively used as a fragrance ingredient in perfumes, creams, and soaps.
  • Rose oil is, perhaps surprisingly, one of the most antiseptic essences. This combined with its slightly tonic and soothing qualities and its action on the capillaries, make it useful for virtually all types of skin.
  • Rose also has a positive effect on broken superficial capillaries and is thus ideal for mature, dry or sensitive skin.


  • The creation of a new rose variety is important as roses command a share of $10 billion in the global market of $49 billion cut flower sales a year.
  • In India, states like Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and Haryana have emerged as major floriculture centres in recent times.
  • Indian floriculture industry has been shifting from traditional flowers to cut flowers for exports.

Entrepreneur who want the information such as " Cultivation, Processing, Extraction, Market" about Rose can         E-Mail to,     

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