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- Sappan wood, also known
as East Indian redwood, comes from a tree that has both ornamental and
A small, thorny tree, it can reach a height of more than 30 feet. It is
found in the wild throughout China and India, and is also cultivated in
gardens and nurseries.
- The inner, or "heart,"
wood of the tree is harvested by being sawn into large pieces, then cut
into smaller slices.
- Under natural
conditions C. sappan grows mostly in hilly areas with clayey soil and
calcareous rocks at low and medium altitudes.
- Flowering can occur
after 1 year of growth and usually during the rainy season, fruiting about
6 months later.
- C. sappan is propagated
by seed or cuttings which should be 2.5 cm diameter and 10 cm long.
- Initially C. sappan
grows straight but at about 2.5 m height, the branches start to droop and
entwine with branches of nearby trees to form thickets, generally free
- Decoction of wood and
bark used for tuberculosis, diarrhea, dysentery, postpartum tonic, skin
infections. and anemia.
- Seeds used for stomach
aches and nervous disorders and it is also used as tonic.
- Chiefly used as a
dyewood, popular for coloring native fabrics.
- In the Quezon area, it
is used as a popular colorant for the coconut liquer, lambanog.
- Sappan wood possesses
medicinal abilities as an anti-bacterial and for its anti-coagulant
properties and it also produces a valued type of reddish dye called
brazilin, used for dyeing fabric as well as making red paints and inks.
- Sappan is a natural dye
yielding medicinal plant. In India it is cultivated in gardens and
nurseries as a live fence plant in parts of Tamil Nadu, Kerala, Karnataka,
Andhra Pradesh and West Bengal and nowhere is it found in the wild.
- Sappan wood, coconut,
pepper and areca nut serve major proportion of his agricultural income.
Agriculture as a whole contributes to the 50 per-cent of his total income.
- Badami et al reported
that sappan heartwood had significant antioxidant activity, especially in
the liver and kidney.
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