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Information @ a Glance

General

  • A shrimp farm is an aquaculture business for the cultivation of marine shrimp or prawnsa for human consumption.

  • About 75% of farmed shrimp is produced in Asia, in particular in China and Thailand. The other 25% is produced mainly in Latin America, where Brazil is the largest producer. The largest exporting nation is Thailand.

  • Shrimp have been farmed for centuries in Asia, using traditional low-density methods.

  • Shrimp farms use a one-phase or two-phase production cycle.

  • With the two-phase cycle, they stock juvenile shrimp from hatcheries in nursery ponds and then, several weeks later, transfer them to growout ponds. With the one-phase cycle, the nursery ponds are eliminated, and the shrimp are stocked directly into growout ponds, after having spent a short period in acclimation tanks.

Market

  • The technology of Shrimp feed processing is comprised of judicious selection of feed ingredients, least cost formulation, compounding by both conventional milling and extrusion cooking, and performance testing of the feeds.

  • Cost of the feeds processed in the bench scale operation has been estimated to be within Rs.20 to 25 per kg. based on the cost of raw ingredients. The cost would come down below Rs.20 per kg. on the basis of the lower cost of the commercial grade ingredients and lower processing cost under economic scale of operation.

  • In India, commercial shrimp farming started gaining roots only during the mid-eighties. It was a relatively late start in India; by this time, shrimp farming had reached peak in most of the neighboring Asian countries, especially China and Taiwan.

  • The potential area available in the coastal region of the country for shrimp farming is estimated between 1.2 million to 1.4 million hectares. Presently, an area of about 157 000 ha is under farming with an average production of about 100 000 metric tonnes of shrimp per year

  • The average productivity has been estimated at 660 kg per hectare per year. Cultured shrimps contribute about 50 per cent of the total shrimp exports from India.

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