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  • Sida cordifolia known as 'ilima, is an erect to prostrate perennial herb or subshrub that grows to 0.2 to 1.5 m tall.
  • Sida is a genus of 125 to 150 species of tropical and subtropical regions of the world, from the Pacific Islands to Hawaii. 'Ilima has a series of similar forms common to all islands but also exhibits morphological variation from island to island.
  • The botanical name of bala is Sida cordifolia and it belongs to family Malvaceae.
  • Bala is sweet in taste. Sweet in the post digestive effect .
  • Sida Cordifolia is considered to have diaphoretic, diuretic, central nervous system stimulating and anti-asthmatic properties.
  • Sida cordifolia is related to Ma-huang (Ephedra) and is native to India, where it has been used in Ayurvedic medicine for at least 2000 years.
  • The stem of this plant contains a number of active compounds, including small amounts of an essential oil, and most important, 1-2%  alkaloids composed mainly of ephedrine and pseudoephedrine, with ephedrine ranging from 30-90%, depending on the source.
  • Constituents include ephedrine (1%), phytosterols and potassium nitrate.
  • Sida cordifolia is widely used for its medicinal applications.
  • Ephedrine is a sympathomimetic amine - that is, its principal mechanism of action relies on its direct and indirect actions on the adrenergic receptor system, which is part of the sympathetic nervous system or SNS.
  • Sida cordifolia is used in the treatment of leucorrhoea, gonorrhea, general debility and rheumatism.
  • The aqueous extract of the whole plant is specially used in treatment of rheumatism.

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