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Information @ a Glance


  • A spice is a dried seed, fruit, root, bark or vegetative substance used in nutritionally insignificant quantities as a food additive for the purpose of flavoring, and sometimes as a preservative by killing or preventing the growth of harmful bacteria.
  • Essential oil plants and culinary herbs include a broad range of plant species.
  • Ginger is one of the oldest tropical spices.
  • Herbal substances are defined by indicating the herb species.


  • Spices, however, are dried and often ground or grated into a powder.
  • Essential oils can be isolated by several means, including solvent extraction and pressing.
  • The fruits are opened by hand and the scarlet aril (mace) surrounding the nut is removed.
  • Herbs, such as basil or oregano, may be used fresh, and are commonly chopped into smaller pieces.

Technology & Uses

  • Eugenol can be isolated relatively easily from cloves using the technique of steam distillation.
  • SCFE is a highly versatile technology with a varied range of applications : Extraction of Natural Products such as Oil and Oleoresins, Flavours, Fragrances, Colour, Preservatives, Pesticides and Herbal Medicines, De-cholesterolisation of Food, De-Caffeination of Tea/Coffee,De-Nicotisation and Removal of Tar from Tobacco, Cleaning of Precision and Electronic Equipment, Production of Uniform and Ultrafine Particles, Chemical Synthesis,Polymer Processing.
  • Oleoresins are the preferred spice extract used for flavouring purposes.
  • Many fresh herbs in the UK are cultivated for industrial uses as ingredients in food preparations (vinegar, mustards etc.).
  • AJI-NO-MOTO (MSG) may be the most widely used flavor enhancing ingredient after salt and pepper.


  • India produces a wide range of spices.
  • Production in India is around 3.2 million tonnes of different spices valued at approximately 4 billion US $,
    and holds a prominent position in world spice production.
  • Over the last 50 years, the demand for essential oil products from plants has gradually increased.
  • The citrus industry makes a substantial contribution to the Australian economy.
  • The EU is the second largest world market for spices and herbs.
  • The industrial sector consumed 55 per cent of the total usage of spices and herbs.
  • The retail sector consumed 35 per cent of the total usage of spices and herbs.
  • The catering sector consumed 10 per cent of the total usage of spices and herbs.
  • Indonesia is the single largest supplier of spices to The Netherlands.

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