textiles are ‘textile materials and products manufactured
primarily for their technical performance and functional properties
rather than their aesthetic or decorative characteristics. A
non-exhaustive list of end-uses includes aerospace, industrial,
marine, military, safety and transport textiles and geotextiles.
growth in the technical textiles sector in developed countries,
including Australia, is being driven by:
stringent environmental regulations;
need for increased energy efficiency and utilisation of waste;
performance/whole of life cost factors;
needs of an ageing population; and,
increased focus on leisure.
textiles are generally recognized to be one of the most dynamic and
promising area for the future of the textiles industry. Advances in
polymers, fibres, yarns, chemical technology and fabric/web forming
technologies have spearheaded the development of technical
Involving In Textiles
the near term, the opportunity for nanotechnology in the textiles
industry is in product innovation, not process innovation.
Nanotechnology is more likely to be used to produce new materials,
or enhance the properties of existing materials, than to reduce the
production cost or improve quality.
radiation curing has had little impact on the textile industry,
despite the widespread use of polymer treatments on fabrics and
garments. However the use of UV to modify the surface properties of
fabrics, especially natural fibres, offers an alternative
application with commercial potential.
alternative approach has recently been developed by CSIRO using UV
radiation to modify the fabric surface whilst leaving the bulk
textile unaffected. Surface fibres must either absorb UV radiation
directly or a suitable photoinitiator must be applied to produce
large numbers of highly reactive free radicals when the textile
surface is exposed to UV. Surface modification is particularly
useful on natural fibres such as wool and cotton, where the
engineering of fibre and fabric properties, now commonplace for
synthetics, is precluded.
textiles play a much more important role worldwide than is commonly
acknowledged. According to David Rigby Associates’s estimates,
world consumption of technical textiles in 2000 amounted to just
over 16.7 mn tons of fibre and polymer with a finished textile
product value of US$ 92.9 bn. In weight terms, this represents over
onequarter of the estimated 62.2 mn tons of fibres consumed across
all end-uses in that year.
world forecasts from 1995 to 2010, indicates a rather higher growth
rate over the second half of the current decade than for the first.
However, this largely reflects an anticipated upturn in global
economic activity after a period of slow growth (and in many
countries actual recession) around the turn of the century. Forecast
average growth rates (in volume terms) of 3.5% per annum between
1995 and 2005, and 3.8% per annum from 2005 to 2010 remain
relatively attractive, especially in comparison with most other,
non-technical, textile markets. In India, present technical textile
market is estimated to be worth Rs. 20,128 crores and the market is
expected to reach 42,006 crores of rupees by year 2007-08.
textiles business encompasses the development and production of
textiles for automobile seat fabrics, headliner surface treatments,
and highly functional uniforms. Toyota Boshoku relies on its new
materials development efforts to produce fabrics that are
comfortable to wear and gentle on the environment.
are a proven solution for a variety of civil and environmental
engineering challenges. They are used to improve performance and
reduce costs of virtually all civil engineering structures,
including subsurface drains, roadways, railroads, embankments and
landfills. Geotextiles also enable construction to progress under
difficult field conditions which would otherwise make work
technical developments in the sports clothing industry have resulted
in the use of engineered textiles for highly specialised
performances in different sports. With high-functional and smart
materials providing such a strong focus in the textile industry
generally, companies are increasingly looking for ‘value added’
textiles and functional design in sportswear as well as intelligent
textiles which monitor performance with in-built sensors.
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