- The tuberose
(Polianthes tuberosa) is a perennial plant of the agave family
Agavaceae, extracts of which are used as a top note in perfumery.
- The common
name derives from the Latin tuberosa, meaning swollen or tuberous in
reference to its root system.
- The tuberose is a
night-blooming plant thought to be native to Mexico along with every
other species of Polianthes.
- The Aztecs
called it Omixochitl [oh me' zu che' tl] or bone flower.
Tuberoses are radiantly white blossoms are picked individually by hand
early in the morning, wrapped in moist cloths and then immediately
processed into tuberose absolue through solvent extraction.
There are four common methods
for extracting aromatic compounds from plant material.
solvent extraction, expression, and enfleurage, All four methods intend
the final product to be used in perfumery or scenting.
Extraction methods denature the
aromatic compounds by either exposure to heat, oxygen, or chemical
It is unfortunately difficult
to determine whether tuberose flowers have been effectively pre-treated
prior to purchase.
In India tuberoses is
cultivated for production of flower spikes and loose flowers on a
commercial scale for the domestic market.
For marketing of flower spikes,
the tuberose is harvested by cutting the spikes from the base when 1-2
pairs of flowers open on the spike.
Tuberose planted at a spacing
of 30 x 30cm with a plant population of 1,11,000 plants/ha yield about
90,000 marketable spikes and 1.8 lakhs flowering size bulbs.
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