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  • The tuberose (Polianthes tuberosa) is a perennial plant of the agave family Agavaceae, extracts of which are used as a top note in perfumery.
  •  The common name derives from the Latin tuberosa, meaning swollen or tuberous in reference to its root system.
  • The tuberose is a night-blooming plant thought to be native to Mexico along with every other species of Polianthes.
  •  The Aztecs called it Omixochitl [oh me' zu che' tl] or bone flower.


  • Tuberoses are radiantly white blossoms are picked individually by hand early in the morning, wrapped in moist cloths and then immediately processed into tuberose absolue through solvent extraction.

  • There are four common methods for extracting aromatic compounds from plant material.

  •  Distillation, solvent extraction, expression, and enfleurage, All four methods intend the final product to be used in perfumery or scenting.

  • Extraction methods denature the aromatic compounds by either exposure to heat, oxygen, or chemical solvents.


  • It is unfortunately difficult to determine whether tuberose flowers have been effectively pre-treated prior to purchase.

  • In India tuberoses is cultivated for production of flower spikes and loose flowers on a commercial scale for the domestic market.

  • For marketing of flower spikes, the tuberose is harvested by cutting the spikes from the base when 1-2 pairs of flowers open on the spike.

  • Tuberose planted at a spacing of 30 x 30cm with a plant population of 1,11,000 plants/ha yield about 90,000 marketable spikes and 1.8 lakhs flowering size bulbs.

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