- Turmeric (Curcuma
longa) is a rhizomatous herbaceous perennial plant of the ginger family,
Zingiberaceae which is native to tropical South Asia.
Turmeric is an important commercial spice crop grown
in India and it is named as “Indian saffron”.
- It needs
temperatures between 20 and 30 deg. C. and a considerable amount of
annual rainfall to thrive.
- Plants are
gathered annually for their rhizomes, and re-seeded from some of those
rhizomes in the following season.
India is a dominant player in
the global market as far as turmeric export is concerned.
Other major exporters are
Thailand, other Southeast Asian countries, pacific islands, Central &
Latin American countries and Taiwan.
Turmeric is shipped in
the form of dry turmeric, fresh turmeric, turmeric powder, curcuminoids,
dehydrated turmeric powder, oils and oleoresins.
- In Ayurvedic
medicine, turmeric is thought to have many medicinal properties and many
in India use it as a readily available antiseptic for cuts, burns and
of Ayurvedic medicine say it has fluoride which is thought to be
essential for teeth. It is also used as an antibacterial agent.
- Turmeric is
currently used in the formulation of some sunscreens.
- Turmeric paste is
used by some Indian women to keep them free of superfluous hair.
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